The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian

The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal [Download] ➽ The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal By Afua Cooper – During the night of April 10 1734 Montréal burned Marie Joseph Angéliue a twenty nine year old slave was arrested tried and found guilty of starting the blaze that consumed forty six buildings Suspe During the night of April Montréal of Angeliue PDF È burned Marie Joseph Angéliue a twenty nine year old slave was arrested tried and found guilty of starting the blaze that consumed forty six buildings Suspecting that she had not acted alone and angered that she had maintained her innocence Angéliue's condemners tortured her after the trial She confessed but named no accomplices Before Angéliue was hanged she was paraded through the city Afterward her corpse was burned Angéliue who had been born in Portugal faded into the shadows of Canadian history vaguely remembered as the alleged arsonist The Hanging PDF \ behind an early catastrophic fireThe result of fifteen years of research The Hanging of Angéliue vividly tells the story of this strong willed woman Afua Cooper draws on extensive trial records that offer in Angéliue's own words a detailed portrait of her life and a sense of what slavery was like in Canada at the time Predating other first person accounts by than forty years these records constitute what is arguably the oldest slave narrative in the New WorldCooper sheds new light on the largely misunderstood or ignored history of slavery in Canada She refutes the myth Hanging of Angeliue PDF È that Canada was a haven at the end of the Underground Railroad Cooper also provides a context for Canada in the larger picture of transatlantic slavery while re creating the tragic life of one woman who refused to accept bondage.

10 thoughts on “The Hanging of Angeliue The Untold Story of Canadian Slavery and the Burning of Old Montreal

  1. Christine Christine says:

    This is the book that got away This means I owe Dr Cooper an apology Around the time this book came out I was in Montreal There was an exhibit about the fire and part of the exhibit was a section about whether Angeliue was guilty or innocent of the crime of arson It was a very interesting exhibit This book was being sold in several stores and I was very very tempted to buy it I didn’t mostly because of budgeting But I should have broken my budget because I always regretted it Ah the wonders of the internet Marie Joseph Angeliue was a slave Yes a slave; Canada had slavery Perhaps the greatest sin is that this is not common knowledge and is swept under the carpet In the States we acknowledge slavery though there are still racist and stupid people who try to make slavery out not to be that bad Honestly if you haven’t seen Ask a Slave on YouTube GO WATCH IT NOW But I never associated Canada with slavery outside of the Underground Railroad until I saw the exhibit about the Montreal fire Cooper does double duty in this book Undoubtedly this is because the history of a slave who was executed for a crime is near impossible to do Angeliue didn’t leave much in the way of source material The first duty is the story of Angeliue or as much as the story that Cooper can reconstruct from court records sales records and the like The second is a brief but considering the space somewhat in depth look at the history of slavery while pointing out that such history and the history of African settlers in particular has been destroyed So in large part this book points out a largely forgotten and ignored aspect of North American history not just Canadian The section about Canadian slavery is interesting even for those of us who do not live in Canada It also raises new understanding about the colonial period of both countries The sections about Angeliue are the most powerful It should be noted that the book opens with a description of Angeliue’s torture While Angeliue’s voice is only carried though history by the court records Cooper does her best to give this faceless woman a voice This is particularly true in regards to the motivation Angeliue had for the fire she may have started Cooper looks not only at what might have been Angeliue’s pre Montreal history but also at the relationships and the might have been in Angeliue’s Montreal life In some respects she is hampered by a lack of a firsthand material Angeliue for instance says her mistress is kind and nice there is a strange story about tickling and also talks of abuse Angeliue is not passive and Cooper intentionally it seems turns her into a tragic heroine It is impossible not to root for Angeliue even though you know the outcome In the States when we take about resistance to slavery we largely mention the Underground Railroad Harriet Tubman Sojourner Truth and John Brown and other abolitionists We might get told about various slave rebellions Cooper’s look at Angeliue gives far context about such rebellions not only in the reasons for cruelty is the only one that is mentioned in schools but also about how rebellions were not just physical Honestly if you are interested in history of North America You really should read this book

  2. Nahliah Nahliah says:

    Good read A good introduction to slavery in Canada I didn't know about how and when slavery was conducted in Canada and under what circumstances for the slaves involved and so the text was informative The author tries to stretch her lack of material and authority on the life of this one slave and tries to present to the audience an authoritative text on slavery in Canada which it is not Unlike Edward S Morgan in American Slavery American Freedom she's not drawing from a wealth of resources about the protagonist and some of her material instead of providing insightful background seems superfluous and unnecessary to understanding the protagonist and her plight The book would have been better as historical fiction drama I do like her attempt to give this black woman her voice and provide her with the agency that she was robbed of during her lifetime But we can't escape the fact that the small amount of material available on her was written and therefore interpreted by elite white men and an attempt to give the protagonist a voice can only be done with this white elite possibly slave holding voice Needless to say when the protagonist is asserting her voice it is actually the author's voice that the reader hears The author does try to explain the multifacetious nature of slavery in Canada but doesn't succeed in attaching all of it's characteristics onto this one character On the one hand she demonstrates that all slaves didn't live the same lives but then without hard evidence suggests that Angeliue could have possibly experienced every degradation attached to slavery An additional stretch was the claim that this slave's court documents were in effect the first slave narrative ever The author's argument was essentially that since not all slave narratives were a accurate and b written by the former slaves their selves but embellished accounts of slavery that supported abolitionist ends that we can take these court documents where the protagonist has no say in the writing and interpretation of her story and see them as a narrative I don't think that Angeliue would agree It's inconsistent to say that due to the nature of the material and the position and status of it's authors the protagonist was robbed of her voice and her self and then say that these same texts can be used as her story that she would have agreed to and possibly would have published had she had the means to do so Again it was a good introduction to the topic of slavery in Canada but in order to go deeper further research is necessary

  3. Books written by POC Books written by POC says:

    I'm part way through The Hanging of Angeliue which is about the Atlantic Slave Trade in Canada I know that Canadian history rarely if ever talks about our history of slavery so this whole book has been both appalling and eye opening for mereturnreturnBasically Angeliue was accused of burning down Montreal in the 1700s the book's at home right now so I'm fuzzy on the details She had been a slave coming out of Portugal I am learning so much about the Atlantic Slave Trade this school year between my class on Forced Free Immigration to Latin America and this book been taken to New York and then brought up to Canada The author who dedicates the book to our then new Govenor General believes that Angeliue's testimony about herself and her life may be the first Slave Narrative in North America because she goes into so much detail about her experiences as a Slave and about her ragereturnreturnIt's a hard read for me because I like the idea that Canada is a Post Racist Utopia I want to believe our only connection to the Slave Trade in North America is the end of the Underground Railway But it's not And just like we shouldn't ignore Africville here in Halifax or Priceville in Ontario we shouldn't ignore thisreturnreturnSadly none of my reading right now at all is fluffy or even fiction so I have no recommendations but if you want to get an idea of what's going on in Canadian historic circles right now this may be a good book

  4. Jason Jason says:

    I hope they're teaching this book in schools because the only story I remember being fed about Canadian slavery was the one about how we saved American slaves via the underground railroad Here's the other story a century earlier of how parts of Canada happily kept slaves Angeliue was one of them until she rebelled and burned down a chunk of Montreal allegedly and they tortured and hung her for it Every Canadian should read this

  5. Sukhpreet Sukhpreet says:

    An important and difficult read that revealed my ignorance about the depth of enslavement in Canada For example I didn't know that some American states abolished slavery before Canada did leading some people enslaved here to escape to those states Of course there is so much I didn't know And thankfully some that I did This book somewhat obviously should be reuired reading in Canadian high school history classes if not earlier as excerpts

  6. Kelly Kelly says:

    Before I read this book I didn't know that Canadians were willing participants in the slave trade They enslaved African Americans and Native Canadians and treated them like possessions just like they did in the United States I also didn't know that John Graves Simcoe was instrumental in the abolition of slavery in Upper Canada Something I hadn't ever considered before was also brought to my attention the Portuguese initiated the slave trade Afua Cooper belives that the collection of court records from Angeliue's trial for setting fire to Old Montreal in 1734 contain the oldest known narative of the life of an enslaved Black person in North America The records tell not only of the events surrounding Angeliue's crimes but they also contain Angeliue's personal narrative of her own origins in Portugal her travel across the Atlantic to New England and how she came to reside with her owner in MontrealThis is certainly a lesson that we wouldn't have been taught in Canadian History class because most people don't know that slavery even existed in Canada Hats off to Afua Cooper for being Angeliue's voice and telling the story of slavery in Canada

  7. Cynda Cynda says:

    Through this book Afua Cooper fights against marginalization My being educated in the US maybe particularly in Texas I know only a few trite half thoughts about French colonization of the New World The Big One Trite The French were unsuccessful colonizers Better French colonizers were spread out in many places in the New World Better Here in Texas colonizers live through their descendant's genetic makeup I have a French ancestor generations back I had a great grandmother who was raised by her French stepmother Better New Orleans and south has French surnamed people who still keep some of pronunciation of places and people The French ancestors live through their descendants' keeping some of the foods altered to meet New World foodstuffs availableBack to this book Because Cooper ismwriting of a woman who either did not write or did not write thoughts Cooper had to re create scenarios as best she could Yet Cooper often refrains from the troubling subjunctive mood and avoids the indecisive indicative conditional tense as much as possibleDid Cooper grow up Catholicis Catholicstudied Catholicism? Well in any case she got the Catholic value system and hierarchy right And she got the judicial machinations and the Catholic confession murder style right in a land where Catholicism was next to King in the social hierarchyWhat would I have liked to have seen? What not be available in Canada Slavery conditions in the city of Montreal Because Canada does not remember slavery in its approved school textbooks much information about Canadian Slavery has been suppressedOverall Cooper did as well as she possibly could And she really did her best She did research for 15 years she did researchWell done

  8. Nick Carraway LLC Nick Carraway LLC says:

    1 In the post Conuest period a woman skilled in housework could fetch between £30 and £50 The woman described in this ad would likely have commanded a good price'uebec Gazette February 23 1769Mr Prenties has to sell a negro woman aged 25 years with a mulatto male child 9 months old She was formerly the property of General Murray; she can be well recommended for a good house servant; handles milk well and makes butter to perfection'2 Interestingly Simcoe's July 1793 act did not prevent the sale of slaves across international borders Many slaveholders saw this loophole and sold their slaves into New YorkUpper Canadian slaves who were hoping to be freed by Simcoe's bill had to look for their freedom elsewhere In 1787 the Northwest Territory Michigan Indiana Ohio Illinois Wisconsin and part of Minnesota issued an ordinance prohibiting slavery Vermont and other parts of New England had also abolished slavery by this date And in 1799 New York made provisions for the gradual abolition of slavery As a result many Upper Canadian enslaved Blacks escaped into these free territories So numerous were some of these former Canadians in American cities that in Detroit for example a group of former Upper Canadian slaves formed a militia in 1806 for the defence of the city against the Canadians They also fought against Canada in the War of 1812If Simcoe's bill had a redeeming feature it was the article that prohibited the importation of new slaves into the province This meant in effect that slavery would decline as it could not be expanded through importation Perhaps important it also meant that any foreign slaves would be immediately freed upon reaching the soil of Upper Canada That was what began the Underground Railroad for enslaved Americans By the War of 1812 they had heard of this novel situation and many began making the trek northward The paradox is inescapable at the same time many Upper Canadian slaves were making the trek southward to freedom in Michigan and New England3 Obviously the slave woman's name was not Marie Joseph Angéliue when she came to Montréal She might have had an English name having come from the English colonies or a Portuguese name having been born in Portugal or even a French or a Flemish name having been previously owned by a man from Flanders She might also at some point have had an African name4 The jailer brought Angéliue from her cell to the salle d'audience Raimbault told her to sit on the 'stool of repentance' and remove her shoes and her head scarf As judge it was his duty to read formally to her the verdict and the punishment He concurred with his notaries In ponderous tones Raimbault condemned Angéliue to death'All evidence considered we have found the said accused sufficiently guilty and convicted of having started the fire in the house of demoiselle Francheville which caused the conflagration of part of the town For the punishment of this crime we have condemned the accused to make honourable amends nude except for a shirt with a cord tied around her neck holding in her hand a burning torch two pounds in weight before the principal door and entry of the parish church of this town Notre Dame where she will be led by the executioner of high justice in a rubbish cart with a small placard in the front and at the back with the words 'arsonist' and there with her head bare and while kneeling to declare that she wickedly set the fire and caused the said conflagration of which she repents and asks pardon in the name of the king and of justice After this her hand will be cut off on a post that will be raised in front of the said church Then she will be led by the said executioner in the rubbish cart to the public suare to be then tied to a post with an iron chain and then burned alive her body to be reduced to ashes and those same ashes to be thrown to the winds Her worldly goods to be seized and confiscated and put in the king's possession She will be subjected to la uestion ordinaire et extraordinaire in order to obtain the names of her accomplicesWith regards to the said Thibault Angéliue's lover we have ordered that upon consideration of the testimonies offered by the witnesses the said Thibault will be subjected to uestioning in order that after la uestion has been applied to the said Negress and her interrogation communicated to the king's attorney with the description of contempt of court all the proceedings reported so that judgment can be passed because of the said contempt of court as we will see fitPassed and delivered in Montréal court by us Pierre Raimbault lieutenant general assisted by JB Adhémar Auguste Guillet de Chaumont Gaudron de Chevremont and François Lepailleur royal notaries and practitioners 4 June 1734'5 By emphasizing love as Angéliue's primary motive these writers not only rob her of the agency that she exhibited in her uest for liberty they also diminish the violence inherent in slavery For them Angéliue did not flee because she found her enslavement humiliating awful and suffocating; she fled because she was 'in love' If we take this reasoning one step further it is easy to conclude that slavery could not have been so bad I believe that the 'in love' thesis advanced by these authors speaks to their unease with the race gender and power relations intrinsic to slavery Whites exercised almost unlimited power over the lives of enslaved Black people This uneual power relationship between Whites and Blacks was an everyday and institutionalized feature of slavery And it has shaped modern day race relations in Canada Trudel and his cohorts are all modern uébec historians and they may have been influenced by the fact that today one does not examine publicly the race uestion in uébec unless one is talking about the French and the English These historians refuse to see that Angéliue was an enraged woman who wished to run away from enslavement not because of Thibault but because of slavery itself

  9. Amy Amy says:

    An extremely engaging and meticulously detailed and well researched telling of Canadian history and slavery through the story of one enslaved woman in Montreal and her trial and execution after burning large parts of the city in 1734 I learned so much about early Canadian history and the role of slavery in the economy at that time And I loved the author's perspective on Angeliue and the way she explored this young woman's life and possible feelings and motivations I certainly agree with her perspective on Angeliue's motive for the fire This books helps shatter the completely false narrative of Canada having no history of slavery one which intentionally erases the clear and obvious centuries of slavery to create Canada as a civil and just place

  10. Jerisha Grant Jerisha Grant says:

    This is a chronicle of not just the presence of enslaved black bodies in Canada but also the narrative voice of black women in Canada I love how Ms Cooper takes Angéliue’s invisible and marginalized story and places it at the center of Canadian national consciousness In this era of truth and reconciliation Blacks are right behind Aboriginal peoples to have our truths reconciled In the height of the narrative control of the eighteenth century The Hanging of Angéliue reemerges in resistance and demands to be seen and heard

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