!!> PDF / Epub ☂ The Plague ✎ Author Albert Camus – Thomashillier.co.uk


  • Paperback
  • 308 pages
  • The Plague
  • Albert Camus
  • English
  • 11 December 2017

10 thoughts on “The Plague

  1. says:

    Read The Plague free here Coronovirus is the name of the 21stC plague If you don t know what existentialism is, reading this and relating to the world we have today and how it s looking for the next week, month and perhaps even longer, will show you Coronavirus has no favourites, everyone s in line to catch it, it s just a wrong place at the right time disease Some will die, and there won t be any huge funerals and memorial services either Eventually there may be mass funerals, unattended a Read The Plague free here Coronovirus is the name of the 21stC plague If you don t know what existentialism is, reading this and relating to the world we have today and how it s looking for the next week, month and perhaps even longer, will show you Coronavirus has no favourites, everyone s in line to catch it, it s just a wrong place at the right time disease Some will die, and there won t be any huge funerals and memorial services either Eventually there may be mass funerals, unattended as in the book Let s hope it doesn t get to that.________________________________This was as much an existentialist tract as it was a book about the descent of a town into plague the gradient of the decline increasing exponentially until they reach the pit There it is death and smoke and groans and every bit the imagined hell of those with a religious consciousness.But the plague has no relationship to religion The innocent die as much as the guilty Shady people are sly by night, criminals escape justice, the great and the good sleep peacefully in their beds but the plague is the great equalizer they all die This is an atheist world where nothing has rhyme or reason and blaming it on fate or an angry god or questioning why the deities have ignored the supplicants increasing praises, appeals and desperate petitions is futile Even they see it is pointless and in the end the comforting rituals of death and consignment of the remains have mostly been abandoned The plague strikes almost all and those whom it leaves, aren t special in any way.Pacing is not something I tend to notice in a novel, but I did in this one, it is outstanding The pacing matches the descent into hell and the recovery into sunlight in a brisk sea air absolutely perfectly At the end, after all the pain and darkness I felt relieved and refreshed, an unusual feeling for the end of a book.10 stars, golden ones revised Sept 2019


  2. says:

    Albert Camus The Plague is a laugh RIOT Just kidding, it is about the bubonic plague, really not very funny at all However, it is a modern masterpiece of allegory, symbolism and imagery The surface story is about plague in the early 1940s visiting the Algerian coastal city of Oran While Camus tells a complete tale of disease, fear, despair, compassion and selfless heroism the story of lasting significance is told between the lines with insightful observations and thought provoking disserta Albert Camus The Plague is a laugh RIOT Just kidding, it is about the bubonic plague, really not very funny at all However, it is a modern masterpiece of allegory, symbolism and imagery The surface story is about plague in the early 1940s visiting the Algerian coastal city of Oran While Camus tells a complete tale of disease, fear, despair, compassion and selfless heroism the story of lasting significance is told between the lines with insightful observations and thought provoking dissertations on philosophy and theology Camus uses the epidemic to explore relationships, community and existence Critics have seen The Plague as an allegory on Germany s occupation of France, but I think it can also be read to represent man s propensity towards chaos and evil, while ultimately remaining good Scholars will point out that Camus is primarily identified as an atheist, but his later writings revealed at least a sympathetic position towards religion While some of the poetry of his French is lost in translation, his technique comes across as sparse but eclectic and his characterization and imagery evokes comparisons of such far ranging stylists as Hemingway and DH Lawrence And Camus individuality shines through his excellent prose Here is not an anodyne essayist but rather a vibrant athlete and vocal member of the French resistance Camus is a masterful but reluctant artist Camus the fighter is revealed in page after page That may be the central message conveyed that life is worth living and worth fighting for, no matter the likelihood of victory or the seemingly overwhelming natural forces assailing us, or even the result of the fight The enduring residents of Oran do not so much fight and prevail as they simply survive, but Camus emphasizes that the act itself of fighting, the performance of resisting the devastating force of nature makes them stronger, makes them worthy of survival regardless of whether or not they do survive


  3. says:

    Ah, death it s always there, isn t it It is a terrible fate, doomed upon us all, that could take place at any time, in millions of different ways The Jews who witnessed the holocaust are aware of this The people of Haiti know this The mother who lost her only child in a car accident is aware of this Most individuals and groups of individuals spend their days fighting the fact of death, lying to themselves, using clever ways to avoid its ever present reality Looking death in its cold, in Ah, death it s always there, isn t it It is a terrible fate, doomed upon us all, that could take place at any time, in millions of different ways The Jews who witnessed the holocaust are aware of this The people of Haiti know this The mother who lost her only child in a car accident is aware of this Most individuals and groups of individuals spend their days fighting the fact of death, lying to themselves, using clever ways to avoid its ever present reality Looking death in its cold, indiscriminating eye, is perhaps the most difficult thing one can do But the result from doing so when taken with time is a clear eyed vision of the world we live in the result of which is an inner strength of which few know But for those that have candidly looked into the eye of death for those that keep its hard reality within their awareness there is a wisdom and depth that emanates The people of Camus Oran formerly thoughtless, happy citizens that were, like many of us now, going about their merry ways not knowing how lucky they truly were become stricken by the plague It is a rotten disease full of physical suffering, spreading rapidly, unceasingly that causes the town s citizens to be quarantined within the town No getting out There they must go on, trying to cope and survive some while kept away from their loved ones who are outside Oran s walls all, while surrounded by the constant death of their peers The Plague is much about death, but it s also about how we choose to live Do we live like the people of Oran, going through each day without truly thinking, taking things for granted, going through the motions in an ignorant, opiated stupor Or do we look death and by extension, life in the eye, taking nothing for granted, noticing and appreciating our complexities and gifts, endeavoring for truth, and striving to be good people No matter how painful and difficult, do we face reality with courage Do we overcome Are we striving to be true heroes to others and to ourselves There are fates worse than death Like living life half heartedly, without truth, without passion Without conviction Without sacrifice And without love


  4. says:

    If you lived in an ordinary community quite unexpectedly facing an existential stress test, what would you do How would you deal with the situation, and which character traits of yours would all of a sudden come to the surface How would you treat your friends, neighbours and fellow citizens What would you do to change the situation These questions have been haunting me ever since I first read La Peste in school, over two decades ago I have reread it since then, with the same fascination, If you lived in an ordinary community quite unexpectedly facing an existential stress test, what would you do How would you deal with the situation, and which character traits of yours would all of a sudden come to the surface How would you treat your friends, neighbours and fellow citizens What would you do to change the situation These questions have been haunting me ever since I first read La Peste in school, over two decades ago I have reread it since then, with the same fascination, and with growing compassion and understanding for the less heroic characters and their fears and petty actions To me, it is a masterpiece, one of the great examples of timeless world literature As a student, even though I was worrying just as much about exam questions, French vocabulary and grammar difficulties as about the message, I felt that I finally grasped the totalitarian systems of the 20th century, and their strange morbid attraction despite or because of their absolute negativity I asked myself to what extent I would have remained human facing the terror of the rats and their invisible, yet deadly load.One thing, though, remained completely unthinkable to me as a young adolescent, despite the horror of the reading experience, and the sincere sympathy for the generations of Europeans that had experienced societies worse than plague ridden I thought it COULD NOT happen again Not here, not in Western civilisation, not with our KNOWLEDGE Being an adolescent in Germany in the mid 1990s, I was convinced that walls were breaking down, that democracy was on the rise, that human rights and welfare were secure goods, and that the world was beyond the plague of totalitarian, all consuming ideas spreading like wildfire like a plague befalling a whole community C est impossible, tout le monde sait qu elle a disparu de l Occident In a way, I was in the situation of doctor Rieux at the very beginning of the story, convinced that the plague was completely gone But Rieux, narrator and participant in the story, documenting his own private worries along with the catastrophe of the spreading plague, has to choose between sticking to his ideas or to accept the evidence he witnesses Chronicling the development of his community in crisis, as well as actively working to help those stricken with the plague, he slowly but steadily grows as a human being and realises that nothing is actually ever GONE Even in the end, when people are celebrating their survival of the epidemic, in drunken happiness forgetting all their losses, their suffering, their fears and pain, he stays vigilant For he has learned something beyond the lesson of the immediate crisis coutant, en effet, les cris d all gresse qui montaient de la ville, Rieux se souvenait que cette all gresse tait toujours menac e Car il savait ce que cette foule en joie ignorait, et qu on peut lire dans les livres, que le bacille de la peste ne meurt ni ne dispara t jamais, qu il peut rester pendant des dizaines d ann es endormi dans les meubles et le linge, qu il attend patiemment dans les chambres, les caves, les malles, les mouchoirs et les paperasses, et que, peut tre, le jour viendrait o , pour le malheur et l enseignement des hommes, la peste r veillerait ses rats et les enverrait mourir dans une cit heureuse What would you do if you saw those rats Who would you choose to be It is time to dig out the masterpieces of existential questions again, I think Knowledge of the different facets of human nature under stress can never be overestimated as a means to choose wisely, should your town be stricken unexpectedly by a plague I wish I knew for sure I would make a decent appearance in Camus scenario But fear is powerful


  5. says:

    559 La Peste The Plague, Albert CamusThe Plague French La Peste is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition The characters in the book, ranging from doctors to vacationers to fugitives, all help to show the effects the plague has on a populace The Plague is considered an existentialist classic despite Camus objection to th 559 La Peste The Plague, Albert CamusThe Plague French La Peste is a novel by Albert Camus, published in 1947, that tells the story of a plague sweeping the French Algerian city of Oran It asks a number of questions relating to the nature of destiny and the human condition The characters in the book, ranging from doctors to vacationers to fugitives, all help to show the effects the plague has on a populace The Plague is considered an existentialist classic despite Camus objection to the label The narrative tone is similar to Kafka s, especially in The Trial whose individual sentences potentially have multiple meanings, the material often pointedly resonating as stark allegory of phenomenal consciousness and the human condition 1974 1340 140 20 1345 300 1348 1360 436 1370 1375 341 9644481400 1388 9789644481413 1392 418 1389 327 9789642575800 152 1388 343 978964531125 1393 1389 216 9789643742775 1393 287 9786005906998


  6. says:

    3.5 stars that a loveless world is a dead world, and always there comes an hour when one is weary of prisons, of one s work, and of devotion to duty, and all one craves for is a loved face, the warmth and wonder of a loving heart Well this book about human resilience in the face of horror sickness plague was WORK for me I found myself having to read and re read sections as this book is not just a book but a social, political, philosophical commentary I found myself thinking huh what did 3.5 stars that a loveless world is a dead world, and always there comes an hour when one is weary of prisons, of one s work, and of devotion to duty, and all one craves for is a loved face, the warmth and wonder of a loving heart Well this book about human resilience in the face of horror sickness plague was WORK for me I found myself having to read and re read sections as this book is not just a book but a social, political, philosophical commentary I found myself thinking huh what did the narrator just say What did he mean Plus, there is the question about the identity of the narratorread to find out The book begins as a plague is sweeping Oran, a coastal town in North Africa First rats then humans begin dying and the town decides to quarantine the town by isolating it from the outside world Many of the characters are cut off from those they love The characters in this book range from Dr Rieux, to vacationers and fugitives As the townspeople try to survive, the book shows us their resilience, their suffering, their compassion, their banning together, and their thoughts on love and life Whew This was not a book, I was able to dig into and power read It did take some time as the book is deep


  7. says:

    But what does it mean, the plague It s life, that s all Evidently, it wasn t enough for me to read about global pandemics in the works of Kurt Vonnegut or Margaret Atwood Albert Camus The Plague isn t about a future apocalyptic world, but the quarantine and death by disease of citizens in the Algerian city of Oran Camus plague isabout the human condition and the existential crisis posed by the disease Even if the plague also represents a Nazi occupation as some claim , there is s But what does it mean, the plague It s life, that s all Evidently, it wasn t enough for me to read about global pandemics in the works of Kurt Vonnegut or Margaret Atwood Albert Camus The Plague isn t about a future apocalyptic world, but the quarantine and death by disease of citizens in the Algerian city of Oran Camus plague isabout the human condition and the existential crisis posed by the disease Even if the plague also represents a Nazi occupation as some claim , there is still an existential crisis in how one resists or resigns oneself to fate What struck me during this reading was how absorbed people were in the numbers In The Plague, it s first about the number of dead rats, where in the city these dead rats have been found and then the number of people who have died People are absorbed in this data even if they don t really know what it means, whether the risk for them is going up or down There is a corresponding belief that the situation isn t really all that bad In this respect, our townsfolkdisbelieved in pestilences A pestilence isn t a thing made to man s measure therefore we tell ourselves that pestilence is a mere bogey of the mind, a bad dream that will pass away But it doesn t always pass away and, from one bad dream to another, it is men who pass away Those in Oran are slow to accept the severity of the plague as well as the need for a quarantine The quarantine comes quickly, though, and I was intrigued by Camus psychological portrait of those who are confined in the city and sometimes further isolated from family and loved ones From disbelief, those under quarantine begin to lose hope that the plague will ever end Some try to escape their condition the quarantine and the city without success Camus shows how they are cut off from their former life while facing the possibility of its end, the complete break from all that life had meant to them Eventually, the disease subsides however, the celebration that the town will open its gates is also mixed with the melancholy of what people have faced before the time of forgetting and denial of the horror What s really celebrated by Camus at least is the struggle and even the small bits of heroism of those engaged in the struggle I realize we all have plagueEach of us has the plague within him Camus makes it clear that the plague is always with us, always ready to strike 3.75 stars


  8. says:

    Somehow Camus brings humanism, optimism and the role of love to a depressing story of bubonic plaque in 1940 s Oran, Algeria First all the rats die and then we go from there After much bureaucratic bungling and delays, the city is cut off from the outside world by quarantine A lot of the focus of the story is on those separated by chance from loved ones for several months There is intrigue as some plot to escape the town But mainly a dreary perseverance and indifference takes over many in t Somehow Camus brings humanism, optimism and the role of love to a depressing story of bubonic plaque in 1940 s Oran, Algeria First all the rats die and then we go from there After much bureaucratic bungling and delays, the city is cut off from the outside world by quarantine A lot of the focus of the story is on those separated by chance from loved ones for several months There is intrigue as some plot to escape the town But mainly a dreary perseverance and indifference takes over many in the city Camus uses the suffering and deaths of children to reflect on the role of God and religion The barren, dry, windswept, desolate town is so well portrayed that it is like a character in the story I m reminded of the religious theme and the desolation of the Mexican town in Graham Green s The Power and the Glory If you are put off by the thought that this is an incredibly depressing book, don t be


  9. says:

    I read The Plague right after reading Swann s Way Of course it wasn t a deliberate move But as I moved on, I realized that reading of The Plague had rendered something quite remarkable in the way I realized and appreciated both works Both works embody a reality Swann s Way speaks of the reality that is long gone by and one wish to remember and cherish, whereas, The Plague makes oneacutely aware of the bleakness of actual reality when imposed through an epidemic such as plague I read The Plague right after reading Swann s Way Of course it wasn t a deliberate move But as I moved on, I realized that reading of The Plague had rendered something quite remarkable in the way I realized and appreciated both works Both works embody a reality Swann s Way speaks of the reality that is long gone by and one wish to remember and cherish, whereas, The Plague makes oneacutely aware of the bleakness of actual reality when imposed through an epidemic such as plague This book speaks of the things that are, rather than things that were Swann s way had left me completely mesmerized, longing for the bygones But The Plague left me assessing the actual approach which governs human beings when faced with discomforts in life.The first thing that strikes in the work is the avoidance of acceptance of pestilence on the part of people of the town of Oran Albert says, Pestilence is in fact very common, but we find it hard to believe in a pestilence when it descends upon us There have been as many plagues in the world as there have been wars, yet plagues and wars always find people equally unprepared He further adds that because pestilence doesn t have human dimensions, people refuse to believe it, thinking of it as a bad dream which would end soon Perhaps people do not wish to accept its onset, for the reason that they have far greater faith in life itself But when they have to, it results in utter misery on their part The beauty of the work lies in the depiction of different approaches adopted by different individuals during plague Whereas some people engage in serving the disease ridden, some try to makemoney by smuggling liquor and other desired goods Some people are melancholic, whereas some try to find happiness in between What I found further intriguing, were the words Camus employed to express the thoughts conveyed by the Priest, as regarding religion and God during Plague Consider these two addresses delivered by Father Paneloux one, at the beginning of the epidemic and the other, after months of suffering.First one starts as My brethren, a calamity has befallen you my brethren, you have deserved it Since the beginning of history, the scourge of God has brought down the proud and the blind beneath His feet Think of this and fall on your knees Second one ends as My brethren, the love of God is a difficult love It assumes a total abandonment of oneself and contempt for one s person But it alone can wipe away the suffering and death of children, it alone makes them necessary because it is impossible to understand such things, so we have no alternative except to desire them This is the faith cruel in the eyes of man, decisive in the eyes of God which we must try to reach We must try to make ourselves equal to this awful image In the first address, the Priest is so certain about the ways of God, but the second address clearly depicts the vagueness, as the consequence of severe sufferings due to pestilence How little does religion God matters when humanity faces such pandemic Camus has skilfully captured the inner tumult which the Priest went through while coming to terms with the harsh reality The reading was quite overpowering It was further augmented by the reference to Bois de Boulogne at some places during the narration Grand, an aid to Rieux, read the first line of his writing to Rieux What was beautiful was the effect it created, producing in mind the consequence of anxiety and the desperation to escape.Rieux was listening at the same time to a sort of vague humming sound in the town, as if replying to the whistling flail of the Plague At this particular moment he had an extraordinary acute perception of the town spread out at his feet, the enclosed world that it formed and the dreadful cries stifled in its night He heard Grand s muffled voice On a fine morning in the month of May, an elegant woman was riding a magnificent sorrel mare through the flowered avenues of the Bois de Boulogne I think that Camus, who is touted as an absurdist for his writings on the subject, has very profoundly articulated the idea of absurd through this writing as well The idea that he presented in The Myth of Sisyphus, that of the need to seek clarity and meaning within a world which offers neither, has been expressed in these lines for me All that a man could win in the game of plague and life was knowledge and memory Perhaps that was what Tarrou called winning the game But if that is what it meant to win the game, how hard it must be to live only with what one knows and what one remembers, and deprived of what one hopes


  10. says:

    3 19 20 As my village on the edge of a big city faces a shelter in injunction, as Covid 19 steadily intensifies, I thought of this book As I take my daily runs walks people are friendlier, offering to help each other, barriers feel at times as if they are breaking down in certain ways here and there, and then when we went to the store there s the hoarding and some ugliness already and it s just really beginning here.The Plague Resistance and Activism for This or Any Time I have no idea 3 19 20 As my village on the edge of a big city faces a shelter in injunction, as Covid 19 steadily intensifies, I thought of this book As I take my daily runs walks people are friendlier, offering to help each other, barriers feel at times as if they are breaking down in certain ways here and there, and then when we went to the store there s the hoarding and some ugliness already and it s just really beginning here.The Plague Resistance and Activism for This or Any Time I have no idea what s awaiting me, or what will happen when this all ends For the moment I know this There are sick people and they need curing Rieux, in CamusI first read The Plague, the second in the trilogy with The Stranger, and The Fall, when I was eighteen I had just read The Stranger Note, this is not that kind of trilogy you can read each of them independently from each other they don t have any intersecting characters It s kind of a thematic trilogy from the novelist philosopher Camus, a way of fictionalizing a set of ideas about the world It was 1971, and I was committed, after years of anti war fervor, and the civil rights and women s and the slowth growth of the environmental movement, to Doing Good in the world, to be a healer and not to the extent I was able a hurter That Michael Jackson Paul McCartney I m a lover, not a fighter distinction So many of us at my small religious college made commitments to teaching, to social work, public health The following quote was a kind of simple banner for me, a flag for me to wave, if only in my own heart All I maintain is that on this earth there are pestilences and there are victims, and it s up to us, so far as possible, not to join forces with the pestilences Tarrou, in CamusAnd this After a short silence the doctor raised himself a little in his chair and asked if Tarrou had an idea of the path to follow for attaining peace Yes, he replied The path of sympathy Camus So I initially read this in the context of late sixties and early seventies activism, within my hope for playing a small part in changing the world But Camus also wrote this in his own context, as it was published in 1948, written in the aftermath of WWII, the Holocaust, the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, a kind of plague that stunned the planet, where you had to make decisions about what side you were on, and the choices were not always clear or easy The plague in one sense is ennui, malaise, passivity, silence in the face of horror, and as Camus makes clear, we have to resist, we have to act Set in Oran, Algeria, this novel chronicles a fictional plague that hits the town of 200k they seal its borders, and everyone has to figure out how to respond to it It s like Kubler Ross s five stages of grief there is denial, escapism, rage, terror, grief, despair, all of it And several characters in the tale reveal different attitudes to the dying around them Selfishness, the need to retreat into individual love, and so on, but there are some like Rieux and Tarrou who manage to commit to Doing Good in the face of death So The Plague in this book is both figurative and literal But what does it mean, the plague It s life, that s all Tarrou But in the early going of this occasion of reading, I was just a little annoyed at the Existentialist tract tone, the This Is An Allegory On How One Must Live, especially in the face of possible meaninglessness Thus each of us had to be content to live only for the day, alone under the vast indifference of the sky Camus I reminded myself that the writer was an Existential philosopher who was also writing novels and I worried he might be succumbing to abstraction I compared it to The Brothers Karamazov which Fyodor Dostoevsky identified as a cultural forum on different perspectives on life and the search for meaning But this range of perspectives I saw gradually emerge as well in The Plague in an inspiring and even thrilling away, through and within and against the inevitable march to widespread death We come to care about the individuals in Rieux s world His mother, Tarrou, Dr Cattrel, Cottard, Rambert.I was also reminded as I read of Cormac McCarthy s dystopian novel, The Road where, facing the probable end of civilization, a father remains true to his commitment to his son and to principles of right and goodness The Plague is also a dystopian novel where ethical questions about how one acts in the worst of times are crucial And it s not easy to be vigilant and committed to Doing Good in the face of greed and terrorism and devastation of various kinds But what are a hundred million deaths When one has served in a war, one hardly knows what a dead man is, after a while And since a dead man has no substance unless one has actually seen him dead, a hundred million corpses broadcast through history are nothan a puff of smoke in the imagination CamusAnd that point seems so prescient as we now face compassion fatigue over the multiplying global crises of climate change, pandemics, endless wars, including a burgeoning refugee crisis But in his own version of what we now face, post WWII, a time in which we one could argue narrowly averted the end of humankind, Rieux keeps doing his work with the dying, working to find a cure he s not a hero, not a saint, just one man holding that proverbial candle in the wind, rolling that boulder up the hill only to expect it to come down again The language he used was that of a man who was sick and tired of the world he lived in though he had much liking for his fellow men and had resolved, for his part, to have no truck with injustice and compromises with the truth CamusAnd this inspiring paragraph And it was in the midst of shouts rolling against the terrace wall in massive waves that waxed in volume and duration, while cataracts of colored fire fell thicker through the darkness, that Dr Rieux resolved to compile this chronicle, so that he should not be one of those who hold their peace but should bear witness in favor of those plague stricken people so that some memorial of the injustice and outrage done them might endure and to state quite simply what we learn in time of pestilence that there arethings to admire in men than to despise CamusAs in The Road, the message is clear A loveless world is a dead world CamusSo I also read this book in a contemporary context with all its turmoil and dangers Yet another plague year So I m glad I read it, re inspired for the moment it might fade to face the worst, to act in love when I can manage, to resist passivity and bitterness and silence, to be part of the commitment to healing movements, with others, to the very end I m no saint, that s obvious, but I ll do what I can Though, in occasional moments I also consider just saying What the hell, let s forget about all that, and have a drink Eat, drink and be merry


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The PlagueA Gripping Tale Of Human Unrelieved Horror, Of Survival And Resilience, And Of The Ways In Which Humankind Confronts Death, The Plague Is At Once A Masterfully Crafted Novel, Eloquently Understated And Epic In Scope, And A Parable Of Ageless Moral Resonance, Profoundly Relevant To Our Times In Oran, A Coastal Town In North Africa, The Plague Begins As A Series Of Portents, Unheeded By The People It Gradually Becomes An Omnipresent Reality, Obliterating All Traces Of The Past And Driving Its Victims To Almost Unearthly Extremes Of Suffering, Madness, And Compassion


About the Author: Albert Camus

Albert Camus 1913 1960 was a representative of non metropolitan French literature His origin in Algeria and his experiences there in the thirties were dominating influences in his thought and work Of semi proletarian parents, early attached to intellectual circles of strongly revolutionary tendencies, with a deep interest in philosophy only chance prevented him from pursuing a university career in that field , he came to France at the age of twenty five The man and the times met Camus joined the resistance movement during the occupation and after the liberation was a columnist for the newspaper Combat But his journalistic activities had been chiefly a response to the demands of the time in 1947 Camus retired from political journalism and, besides writing his fiction and essays, was very active in the theatre as producer and playwright e.g., Caligula, 1944 He also adapted plays by Calderon, Lope de Vega, Dino Buzzati, and Faulkner s Requiem for a Nun His love for the theatre may be traced back to his membership in L Equipe, an Algerian theatre group, whose collective creation R volte dans les Asturies 1934 was banned for political reasons.The essay Le Mythe de Sisyphe The Myth of Sisyphus , 1942, expounds Camus s notion of the absurd and of its acceptance with the total absence of hope, which has nothing to do with despair, a continual refusal, which must not be confused with renouncement and a conscious dissatisfaction Meursault, central character of L tranger The Stranger , 1942, illustrates much of this essay man as the nauseated victim of the absurd orthodoxy of habit, later when the young killer faces execution tempted by despair, hope, and salvation Dr Rieux of La Peste The Plague , 1947, who tirelessly attends the plague stricken citizens of Oran, enacts the revolt against a world of the absurd and of injustice, and confirms Camus s words We refuse to despair of mankind Without having the unreasonable ambition to save men, we still want to serve them Other well known works of Camus are La Chute The Fall , 1956, and L Exil et le royaume Exile and the Kingdom , 1957 His austere search for moral order found its aesthetic correlative in the classicism of his art He was a stylist of great purity and intense concentration and rationality.