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Шинель ❰Download❯ ✤ Шинель Author Nikolai Gogol – Four works by great 19th century Russian author The Nose a savage satire of Russia's incompetent bureaucrats; Old Fashioned Farmers a pleasant depiction of an elderly couple living in rustic seclusion Four works by great th century Russian author The Nose a savage satire of Russia's incompetent bureaucrats; Old Fashioned Farmers a pleasant depiction of an elderly couple living in rustic seclusion; The Tale of How Ivan Ivanovich uarrelled with Ivan Nikiforovich one of Gogol's most famous comic stories; and The Overcoat widely considered a masterpiece of form.

  • Paperback
  • 103 pages
  • Шинель
  • Nikolai Gogol
  • Russian
  • 22 September 2014
  • 9780486270579

About the Author: Nikolai Gogol

Николай Васильевич ГогольNikolai Gogol born in Sorochyntsi Poltava Governorate Russian Empire present day Ukraine Russian writer of Ukrainian descent Gogol's mother was a descendant of Polish nobility Gogol's father Vasyl Hohol Yanovsky a Ukrainian writer best known for his plays died when Gogol was years old In Gogol went to a school of higher art in Nizhyn and remained there until It was there that he began writing Very early he developed a dark and secretive disposition marked by a painful self consciousness and boundless ambition Eually early he developed an extraordinary talent for mimicry which later on made him a matchless reader of his own worksIn on leaving school Gogol came to Petersburg He had hoped for literary fame and brought with him a Romantic poem of German idyllic life – Ganz Küchelgarten He had it published at his own expense under the name of V Alov The magazines he sent it to almost universally derided it He bought all the copies and destroyed them swearing never to write poetry againGogol was one of the first masters of the short story alongside Alexander Pushkin Prosper Mérimée E T A Hoffmann and Nathaniel Hawthorne He was in touch with the literary aristocracy and was taken up by Vasily Zhukovsky and Pyotr Pletnyov and in was introduced to PushkinIn he brought out the first volume of his Ukrainian stories Evenings on a Farm Near Dikanka which met with immediate success He followed it in with a second volume and in by two volumes of stories entitled Mirgorod as well as by two volumes of miscellaneous prose entitled Arabesues At this time Gogol developed a passion for Ukrainian history and tried to obtain an appointment to the history department at Kiev University His fictional story Taras Bulba based on the history of Ukrainian cossacks was the result of this phase in his interests Between and Gogol worked with great energy though almost all his work has in one way or another its sources in his four years of contact with Pushkin Only after the presentation on April of his comedy The Government Inspector Revizor that he finally came to believe in his literary vocationFrom to he lived abroad travelling throughout Germany and Switzerland as well as spending the winter of – in ParisPushkin's death produced a strong impression on Gogol His principal work during years following Pushkin's death was the satirical epic Dead Souls Concurrently he worked at other tasks – recast Taras Bulba and The Portrait completed his second comedy Marriage Zhenitba wrote the fragment Rome and his most famous short story The OvercoatAfter the triumph of Dead Souls Gogol came to be regarded as a great satirist who lampooned the unseemly sides of Imperial Russia However Dead Souls was but the first part of a counterpart to The Divine Comedy The first part represented the Inferno; the second part was to depict the gradual purification and transformation of the rogue Chichikov under the influence of virtuous publicans and governors – PurgatoryHis last years were spent in restless movement throughout the country He intensified his relationship with a church elder Matvey Konstantinovsky He seems to have strengthened in Gogol the fear of perdition by insisting on the sinfulness of all his imaginative work His health was undermined by exaggerated ascetic practices and he fell into a state of deep depression On the night of February he burned some of his manuscripts which contained most of the second part of Dead Souls He explained this as a mistake a practical joke played on him by the Devil Soon thereafter he took to bed refused all food and died in great pain nine days later For goodread's profile in Russian see.

10 thoughts on “Шинель

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    The Overcoat The Cloak Nikolai GogolThe Overcoat is a short story by Ukrainian born Russian author Nikolai Gogol published in 1842 The story and its author have had great influence on Russian literature as expressed in a uote attributed to Fyodor Dostoyevsky We all come out from Gogol's 'Overcoat' The story has been adapted into a variety of stage and film interpretations The story narrates the life and death of titular Councillor Akaky Akakievich Bashmachkin an impoverished government clerk and copyist in the Russian capital of St Petersburg Akaky is dedicated to his job though little recognized in his department for his hard work Instead the younger clerks tease him and attempt to distract him whenever they can His threadbare overcoat is often the butt of their jokes Akaky decides it is necessary to have the coat repaired so he takes it to his tailor Petrovich who declares the coat irreparable telling Akaky he must buy a new overcoat تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز هشتم ماه آوریل سال 1991 میلادیعنوان شنل و داستانهای دیگر؛ اثر گوگول؛ مترجم مهین دانشور؛ تهران، چکامه، 1369؛ در 240 ص؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 19 معنوان شنل؛ اثر گوگول؛ مترجم محمد آسیم؛ تهران، گام، 1352؛ در 27 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، ادیسون، 1392؛ در 32 ص؛عنوان شنل؛ اثر گوگول؛ مترجم صادق سرابی؛ تهران، سیمیندخت، 1383؛ در 23 ص؛فئودور داستایفسکی، گفته «ما همه از شنل گوگول درآمده‌ ایم» بر پایه ی این داستان، نمایش‌نامه‌ ها و فیلم‌های گوناگونی ساخته شده‌ است داستان «شنل»، به مقایسه ی افتادگی، و بردباری، با اخلاق خارج ار نزاکت افراد بلند پایه، می‌پردازد شخصیت اصلی، «آکاکی آکاکیویچ باشماچکین»، یک کارمند دون‌پایه ی دولت است، که داستان خرید «شنل» نو، از سوی او، و دزدیده شدن آن، استخوانبندی داستان را شکل می‌دهد عناصر اصلی این داستان، با شیوه ی کار «گوگول»، که گاهی واقع‌ بینانه، و گاه خیال انگیز مینویسند، مطابقت دارد «داستایفسکی» این داستان را، منشأ کل ادبیات نوآور روسی، می‌دانستند ارزش این داستان نیز، همچو «بازرس»، و «نفوس مرده»، در واکاوی ژرف رخدادهای آن، نهفته است از آندم که قهرمان داستان، متوجه پارگی «شنل» کهنه ی خویش، می‌شود، و آنرا نزد خیاط می‌برد، و خیاط نیز به او می‌گوید، که «پارچه، آنقدر پوسیده است، که جای سوزن زدن ندارد»، همه ی رخدادها، به نحو جالب توجهی صورت می‌گیرند قهرمان، برای تهیه ی پول شنل تازه، دردسرهای بسیاری را به جان می‌خرد شبها چراغ روشن نمی‌کند، چند وعده غذا، و بسیاری چیزهای دیگر را، حذف می‌کند تمام این رخدادها، کاملاً طبیعی بیان شده اند واقع قضیه این است، که «شنل» نوعی «کمال مطلوب» را، مجسم می‌کند، که وقتی قهرمان، موفق به تحقق بخشیدن آن، می‌شود، به نظرش می‌آید، که هاله‌ ای از نور، دور سرش را گرفته است ولی افسوس، که این سعادت دیری نمی‌پاید در جریان شامی، که دوستان، به مناسبت این «رخداد»، برایش ترتیب داده‌ اند، «شنل» به سرقت می‌رود این داستان واقع‌ بینانه، با پایانی تخیلی، و ناراحت‌ کننده، پایان می‌پذیرد البته، خوانشگر، با توجه به بعضی قسمتهای خنده‌ آور داستان، آماده ی پذیرش صحنه ی پایانی هست، ولی شاید این پایان، برهانی هم داشته باشد، به نویسنده ی اثر، امکان ارائه ی طرحی اخلاقی، و خلاقانه را می‌دهد شاید ظاهر شدن شبح «آکاکی آکاکیویچ» نیز، موجب بهبود رفتار رئیس مورد بحث، نسبت به دیگر کارمندان بشود تأثیر داستان «شنل»، در ادبیات «روسیه»، پس از «گوگول» نیز، بیشتر به جهت جنبه ی واقع‌ بینانه، و روان‌شناختی داستان، بوده است مدتها بعد بود، که معنی ژرف، و انسانی عناصر خنده‌ آوری که نویسنده، در اغلب نوشته‌ هایش آورده، آشکار گردید ا شربیانی

  2. Paul Bryant Paul Bryant says:

    You might think that a book called Evenings on a Farm Near Dinanka was not a guaranteed bestseller but that’s because you aren’t from 19th century Russia They were gagging for evenings on a farm in 1832 in Moscow so Gogol’s first book made him famous at age 22 and he was on all the chat shows and was seen throwing shapes in all the best night spots Then he wrote The Nose and a bunch of other stuff he was firing on all cylinders and then a play The Government Inspector which made all actual government inspectors hate him unto death and he became the right wing press’s favourite hate figure so he legged it to Italy and wrote Dead Souls and The Overcoat two smash hits But he had some funny ideas He thought God had appointed him to improve Russian society by means of satire but then he got writer’s block and thought that God was tired of him writing funny stuff and wanted him to be meaner so his next book was Selected Passages from Correspondence with My Friends he had such a way with titles and it turned out that surprise he had become a conservative and was now supporting all the authority types he used to slag off But this is uite normal young firebrands always turn into reactionaries look at Elvis Anyway everyone hated this new version of Gogol By then the God thing had started to ruin Gogol’s brain to the point where it was impossible to tell if he went mad because of religion the kind that makes you think everything is the work of the Devil or got his crazy version of religion because he was mad He wrote Dead Souls 2 Deader than Ever but then he decided it was evil or something and he burned it up and died age 42 “The Nose” is really something This is a Monty Python sketch 133 years before Monty Python A guy wakes up one day and his nose has vanished He looks for it all over the place can’t find it tries to put an advert in the paper asking for information leading to the recapture of the nose then the nose is seen here and there in the town all dressed up in fancy clothes This is far out humour “The Overcoat” delivers a gut punch I was not expecting The first half is forlorn and pathetic and funny too but then it turns savage and bites the reader in the soft parts And right at the end Gogol adds a paragraph trashing his story and pointing out all its absurdities I wasn’t expecting that eitherNote the very famous 1001 Books You Must Read before the Second Wave of Corona includes The Nose but it’s not a book not a novel it’s a short story So if they’re going to list one great short story what about all the others 1001 Books editorial policy can drive you slightly crazy

  3. Rebecca McNutt Rebecca McNutt says:

    I'd heard from people in my English class to avoid this collection because it allegedly was too pretentious and difficult but after reading it myself I can honestly say I haven't the slightest Idea what they were talking about I found this book really engaging and easy to follow; the writing was beautiful and powerful all at once not snooty or pretentious at all It was original deep enlightening and timeless especially in that it never tries to focus on trends or fads but rather lifestyles that continue to prevail in various points throughout history A reflection of Russia's cultural beauty and portraits of peculiar people The Overcoat and Other Short Stories never tries to be something it isn't and it's strangely familiar and complex in its simplicity

  4. Praveen Praveen says:

    I wanted to read Nikolai Gogol his Dead Soul is among my purchased books Meanwhile I found this collection of stories and to have his first time experience read one of its story The Mantle and very much liked it This is a story of a short man bald in front face marked with smallpox and whose forehead and cheeks were deeply lined with a furrow His name was Akaki Akakievitch who became a titular councilor How and who appointed him? Nobody knowsHe knew only the work of copying documents and nothing else Even when he walked in the streets he never took notice of anything He walked always in thoughts of his clean and regular lines of copies Only when he collided suddenly with a horse's nose which blew its breath noisily in his face he observed that he was not sitting at his writing table but walking in the streetAnd then this is the story of his Cloak whose collar was getting smaller every year for he had taken a piece of it every time to repair some part of  the cloak One day when he found it very worn out he went to a  tailor and discussed the possibility of its repair Taylor said No That is a wretched rag It's beyond repair So to purchase a new Cloak he suffered his body from abstinence for months by leaving his supper to save some money Then he bought a new cloakenjoyed a party given by his superior and while coming back from it got robbed of his cloak Feeling frozen to the marrow he shouted with all his might but all in vain He got many suggestions and ideas  finally went to the superintendent where he got a severe reprimand which became decisive for this strange man's existence Thenthere emerges a new story from within this story and he gets back his cloak Leaving a message for many This story has depicted how even during those days superior officials took things for granted and how they were misusing their authorities by not treating petitioners in a good manner due to the arrogance of post and a kind of dizzy self intoxication Gogol has beautifully written many minute observations I enjoyed some very natural conversations between a strange man and his tailor as this diabolical tailor took a special pleasure in embarrassing his customers and watching the expression of their faces with his suinting single eyeI am going to read of Gogol after this first tryThe Nose is next for me

  5. Fionnuala Fionnuala says:

    Downloaded 'The Overcoat' to better understand Jhumpa Lahiri's 'The Namesake' and discovered several other brilliant stories in the process

  6. Rachel Mecham Rachel Mecham says:

    The Overcoat is my favorite story by Gogol He writes in the absurd genre so sometimes it seems weird but he also draws out human emotions to make his characters seem so real and makes such great commentary on life that he makes me want to read and re read his books There is a paragraph that talks about how all the people in Akaky's yep that's his name office mock him that stands out as one those passages that sticks with a person for the rest of their lifeOnly when the jokes were too unbearable when they jolted his arm and prevented him from going on with his work he would bring out Leave me alone Why do you insult me? and there was something strange in the words and in the voice in which they were uttered There was a note in it of something that aroused compassion so that one young man new to the office who following the example of the rest had allowed himself to mock at him suddenly stopped as though cut to the heart and from that time forth everything was as it were changed and appeared in a different light to him Some unnatural force seemed to thrust him away from the companions with whom he had become acuainted accepting them as well bred polished people And long afterward at moments of the greatest gaiety the figure of the humble little clerk with a bald patch on his head rose before him with his heartrending words Leave me alone Why do you insult me? and in those heartrending words he heard others I am thy brother And the poor young man hid his face in his hands and many times afterwards in his life he shuddered seeing how much inhuminity there is in man how much savage brutality lies hidden under refined cultured politeness and my God even in a man whom the world accepts as a gemtleman and a man of honor

  7. Adam Floridia Adam Floridia says:

    The Overcoat The Nose and The Tale of How Ivan Ivanovich uarreled with Ivan Nikiforovich are all about the most bland andor odd subjects a guy gets a new coat someone's nose runs away two guys become enemies over a silly insult The fact that each story managed to keep me reading and chuckling until the end speaks to Gogol's uality as an author It isn't what he writes about; it is how he writes that is so pleasing Everything I have read by him is relayed through a tongue in cheek narrator with an aptitude for characterization I'm not sure I'm completely satisfied with the ends of these stories but they weren't badMy favorite lines All at once Ivan Ivanovich uttered an exclamation and became petrified with fear a dead man appeared to him; but he speedily recovered himself on perceiving that it was a goose thrusting its neck out at him Whichever way you look at it this is an impossible occurrence After all bread is something baked and a nose is something altogether differentHis name was Akakii Akakievich It may strike the reader as rather singular and far fetched; but he may feel assured that it was by no means far fetched and that the circumstances were such that it would have been impossible to give him any other name; and this is how it came about

  8. Michael Finocchiaro Michael Finocchiaro says:

    Gogol was one of Russia's greatest short story writers and this is an excellent introduction to his writing before you attack Dead Souls which is his masterpiece

  9. Bookbringer Bookbringer says:

    Enjoyed the last novella uite a bit but not the other three

  10. Ben Ben says:

    I'm not going to comment on any of the stories in this collection individually as I wrote reviews for each story but I will only say that this was a most enjoyable read This collection contains four works Old Fashioned Farmers How the Two Ivans uarreled The Nose and The Overcoat Having now read these in addition to Dead Souls I've made the following observations about Nikolai Gogol 1 He is very funny There is humor to be found in all of these stories and in Dead Souls often laugh out loud sort of funny 2 His style is playful Throughout Gogol reminds us that there is an author andor a narrator telling a story that what we are reading may not be reliable that if a character is to be described it is only because it is customary and not because it is necessary justifying the incredible He is part Cervantes part Laurence Sterne and a whole lot of fun to read often incorporating the fantastic and the absurd into his tales 3 He loves writing about food I don't know much about the life of Gogol the writer but one would guess that he was like Balzac a bit of a gastronome In almost every story he dedicates a good chunk to the discussion and description of foods which can cause the reader's mouth to water 4 He did not view bureaucracy kindly Many writers fiction and nonfiction have taken aim at the slow turning wheels of bureaucracy from Kafka to Max Weber but few have done so uite as humorously as Gogol 5 He was a king of social satire It may not need a point of its own as it ties in to points 2 and 4 above but Gogol's satire is always acerbic He holds up a mirror to Russian society and maybe we as readers can all see our reflections shining back at us sometimes disgusted by what we see but often laughing all the same for Gogol dealt with Russian society but there is something universal in his writing6 The detail Even in his short stories there is often so much detail and it is not surprising that Gogol is often considered to be the Father of Realism in Russian Literature Just as fresh as ever 175 or so years on I would recommend Gogol without hesitation to anyone And I'm sure that I will be visiting these works again in due time

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