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Отцы и Дети ❮Reading❯ ➺ Отцы и Дети Author Ivan Turgenev – Thomashillier.co.uk Bazarov—a gifted impatient and caustic young man—has journeyed from school to the home of his friend Arkady Kirsanov But soon Bazarov’s outspoken rejection of authority and social conventions to Bazarov—a gifted impatient and caustic young man—has journeyed from school to the home of his friend Arkady Kirsanov But soon Bazarov’s outspoken rejection of authority and social conventions touches off uarrels misunderstandings and romantic entanglements that will utterly transform the Kirsanov household and reflect the changes taking place Отцы и PDF or across all of nineteenth century Russia Fathers and Sons enraged the old and the young reactionaries romantics and radicals alike when it was first published At the same time Turgenev won the acclaim of Flaubert Maupassant and Henry James for his craftsmanship as a writer and his psychological insight Fathers and Sons is now considered one of the greatest novels of the nineteenth centuryA timeless depiction of generational conflict during social upheaval it vividly portrays the clash between the older Russian aristocracy and the youthful radicalism that foreshadowed the revolution to come—and offers modern day readers much to reflect upon as they look around at their own tumultuous ever changing world Introduction by Jane Costlow.


10 thoughts on “Отцы и Дети

  1. Henry Avila Henry Avila says:

    In the uiet sleepy out of the way areas of rural Russia under the autocratic Czars during the mid nineteenth century nothing happens still reality will show its unpleasant dark aspects as other things appear the catalyst two university educated arrogant young men return home they believe that their flame of light will transform the nation for the better However the students still have a great deal to learn about the ancient land Arkady Kirsanov under the influence of the bright Evgeny Bazarov studying to be a doctor but an ardent passionate nihilist his real occupation destroy all and rebuild a better world brings to his widowed father's Nicholas large estate this strange unsettling person he dominates the novel in fact the writer's Ivan Turgenev's best fictional character he himself acknowledgedUncle Paul is a suave debonair man a former Don Juan an unhappy love affair caused his exile from glittering Saint Petersburg a supporter of the old customs feels threatened by the new breeze His amiable brother Nicholas is tolerant the inevitable strident arguments between Bazanov and Paul the medical studentwho is an enemy of ostentatious behavour he is his own boss about the future of society gives this the spice the narrative needs and will cause controversy in Russia as both the supporters and the opponents of the status uo differ in their opinions of this story Nicholas is an incompetent administrator of his farm the serfs don't obey his orders rumors that they will be set free soon in 1861 two years hence causes turmoil And the embarrassed Nicholas has a surprise for his son a baby brother Mitya born recently by his young attractive shy mistress Fenichal at 23 over twenty years younger than her lover the daughter of his late housekeeper Bazarov anxious elderly parents await his return these good people adore their son and only child his father a retired army physician much decorated the couple haven't seen him in three yearsBazanov has to leave the intolerable situation at his friend's home his excuse he must go back and visit his father and mother Their boy pretends to be indifferent but secretly is proud of and enjoys the parent's worship and every kindness still he wants to be alone to do his medical experiments that gives him contentment This is the great author's most popular book and probably his best also it contains both happiness and sorrow as does life itself An excellent riveting glimpse into two families


  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    874 Отцы и дѣти Fathers and Sons Fathers and Children Ivan TurgenevFathers and Sons is an 1862 novel by Ivan Turgenev and ties with A Nest of Gentlefolk for the repute of being his best novelMajor characters Yevgeny Vasilevich Bazarov – A nihilist and medical student Arkady Nikolaevich Kirsanov – A recent graduate of St Petersburg University and friend of Bazarov Nikolai Petrovich Kirsanov – A landlord a liberal democrat Arkady’s fatherPavel Petrovich Kirsanov – Nikolai’s brother and a bourgeois with aristocratic pretensions who prides himself on his refinement but like his brother is reform mindedVasily Ivanovich Bazarov – Bazarov’s father a retired army surgeon and a small countryside landserf holder Arina Vlasevna Bazarova – Bazarov’s mother A very traditional woman of the 15th century Moscovy style aristocracy a pious follower of Orthodox Christianity woven with folk tales and falsehoodsAnna Sergevna Odintsova – A wealthy widow who entertains the nihilist friends at her estateKaterina Katya Sergeevna Lokteva – The younger sister of Anna She lives comfortably with her sister but lacks confidence finding it hard to escape Anna Sergeevna's shadowFeodosya Fenechka Nikolayevna – The daughter of Nikolai’s late housekeeper with whom he has fallen in love and fathered a child out of wedlockViktor Sitnikov – A pompous and foolhardy friend of Bazarov who joins populist ideals and groups Like Arkady he is heavily influenced by Bazarov in his idealsAvdotya Evdoksia Nikitishna Kukshina – An emancipated woman who lives in the town of X Kukshina is independent but rather eccentric and incapable as a proto feminist despite her potentialتاریخ نخستین خوانش سال 1977 میلادیعنوان پدران و پسران؛ نویسنده ایوان تورگنیف؛ مترجم مهری آهی؛ ترجمه از متن روسی؛ تهران، چاپ نخست 1334؛ در 333 ص؛ چاپ دوم و سوم در 356 ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، بنگاه ترجمه ونشر، 1351؛ در 356 ص؛ چاپ چهارم 1356؛ زیر نظر احسان یارشاطر؛ چاپ دیگر وزارات فرهنگ و آموزش عالی، علمی فرهنگی؛ 1365، در 1365؛ چاپ دیگر 1375؛ چاپ ششم علمی فرهنگی 1388 در 298 ص، شابک 9789646205963؛ چاپ هشتم 1392؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسی سده 19 ممترجم مهدی سعادت؛ تهران، شقایق، 1364؛ در در 351 و هشت ص؛ چاپ دوم 1367؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، درنا، 1368؛ در در 351 و هشت ص؛ مترجم الهام ربیعی؛ تهران، نشر فرمهر، 1396؛ در 292 ص؛ شابک 9786009732821؛ تورگنیف زندگی از سال 1818 میلادی تا سال 1883 میلادی، از رهبران مکتب «ناتورالیسم روسیه» بودند در دوران جوانی ایشان، مکتب «رمانتیزم» در «روسیه» رواج داشت اشعار ایشان، پیش از سال 1840 میلادی، تقلیدی از دیگر شاعران «رمانتیک» آن زمان بود پس از سال 1840 میلادی، ایشان دست از افکار «رمانتیک» خویش برداشتند با نوشتن داستانهای ملاکین، اعیان و اشراف، به شرح زندگی رعایا، و دهقانان «روس» پرداختند رمان «پدران و پسران» که از شاهکارهای ایشان است، موضوعی بسیار ساده، در واژه های خویش پنهان دارد، رمان در سال 1862 میلادی، برای نخستین بار چاپ شده است موضوع داستان نفاق و جدال، بین دو نسل پیر و جوان، و طبقات جامعه ی «روسیهی آن دوران است در این داستان «پدران»، نماد افراد محافظه کار، و سنت گرایی هستند، که در آنها اصلاحات، یا به کندی صورت میگیرد، یا اصلاً وجود ندارد؛ اما «پسران»، که کانون توجه نویسنده است، افرادی بسیار «رادیکال» هستند، که شخص قهرمان داستان، به نام «بازارف»، که پیرو مکتب «نهیلیسم»، و ماده گرایی مفرط است، در جدال با مکتب مخالف خود، یعنی «پدران»، کلنجار می‌روند نکته ی جالب این داستان، مناظره‌ هایی ست، که «بازارف»، با افراد مخالف نظریه ی خود، گاهی با خونسردی پیش میرود، و گاه نیز، بر آنها می‌آشوبد ا شربیانی


  3. Steven Godin Steven Godin says:

    I had some doubts upon reading Turgenev for the first time could he really stand up with the likes of Tolstoy and Dostoyevsky? simple answer yes Fathers and Sons although not on an epic level in terms of length does an authentic and realistic job of presenting an account of upper class 19th century Russian provincial life and indeed it doesn't surprise me he gained greater respect in some parts in regards to the two other Russian greats Turgenev arguably had better popularity due to his deeper humanity where the psychological and emotional complexities of his principal characters are draw from first introduction as having a natural inherent intelligence Whereas the previous two tend to often use a trauma crisis or inner conflict within Although criticized by his fellow liberals it was in fact Turgenev who from his death bed persuaded Tolstoy to carry on writingThis novel takes place in the 1860's the Napoleonic war is receding and a new chapter has begunThe dominant theme is all in it's title a transition from one generation to the next two friends from university Arkady and Barzarov and are returning home to their parents country estates the infuriating Barzarov is a headstrong overly confident young man who believes in nihilism wanting to tear everything down to start over again from this rotten place Whereas Arkady is delicate and feels passion for the people and world around him Both sets of parents deeply love their children that's made perfectly clear and are acceptant in their views But problems arise in Arkady's uncle Pavel who doesn't take to Barzarov on both a personal and philosophical level after coming to stay at Arkady's home during the days following graduation Love is explored as the novel progresses both would become acuainted with a young widow Madame Anna Odintzov and her sister Katya who plays piano whilst also tapping into the free floating testosterones of bothLike most older novels there always seems to be a duel and this is no different it still amazes me at how the smallest things end up kicking off two individuals wanting to blow holes in each other Maybe Turgenev was thinking of his own once challenged stand off with TolstoyTurgenev contrasts the two young men very well both friends but with completely different mindsets while he leaves it to his readers to see the other parties and ordinary villagers in their own light He portrays the parents poignant and sufferable states in a compassionate and dignified manner and Barzazov in particular being bothered by an inner unhappiness for failing to see the values of artistic creation in other peoples lives There are crushing disappointments and humiliations that are waiting in the wings for the young fellows generally bought on by their weakness of knowledge for adult life regardless how clever they thing they are it does help in dealing with complex matters of the heart While the two friends also come close to fisticuffs over Bazarov's constant cynicism Fathers and Sons had left me with a sense of uietly observing over the different paths of both Arkady and Barzarov and Turgenev has enabled me to see with better eyes the love and appreciation between father and son It is this profound vitality in Turgenev's characters using a clear uncluttered dialogue that carry his novel to the heights of classic Russian Literature with most complete and touching sincerity


  4. knig knig says:

    Fathers and Sons FS apparently pleased no one on in Russia on publication and if not precisely ‘shocked’ the muchadumbre then surely ruffled feathers and rubbed salt in fresh wounds that in any event is the general promise in the blurb on the back cover of the book Goody I like a scandal better than the next person for sure So I tore into it with gustoAlas though There is no scandal to be had here I mean not even remotely not even a whiff of it The big brouhaha seems to evolve around the character of Bazarov a self proclaimed nihilist who does naught else but pontificate grandly throughout rejects everything on principle or perhaps as a principle as being outmoded unscientific and stupid but has no new platform to offer As he puts it ‘first lets destroy everything raze it to the ground and we’ll worry about re building later’ Having said that there is no razing to be done here either FS is really very peaceful the plot line is singularly simple in fact if it were any simpler there’d be NO plot line Two rather lazy graduates Arcady and Bazarov travel from one paternal home to another back and forth stopping off on the way at Nicholshoe the estate of two sisters Katya and Anna Odinskaya who become the love interests respectively which conveniently lies exactly on the ‘flight path’ thus ensuring a straightline trajectory back and forth the main point of which is not to bother the reader too much with the intricacies of plot Just for the sake of completeness although this is a character driven novel there isn’t an overabundance of those either Arcady and Bazarov are conveniently ‘only’ children a rather contrived coincidence at a time when there were just no stoppers on procreation This of course is a ploy to create an chamber ensemble where philosophical ideas can flow purely and purposefully without dilution from multiple voices So having set up this simple mis en scene Turgenev sets on to the nitty gritty thenBazarov isn’t going to shock anyone today In fact his raison d’etre is practically the building blocks of our modern ‘yoof’ rebels without a cause Bazarov who did have a cause has in fact been reincarnated in that iconic trope of our times the ‘Kevin’ This might very well be a Britishism but everyone will know what I mean But why was Bazarov so shocking back then? Clearly I can’t let this go I mean Bazarov shocked a whole nation in 1861 what kind of apathetic reader can let this slide by without further investigation if they don’t know why? Deep internet trawls reveal a background of a humiliated intelligentsia on the back of the loss of the Crimean War aware Russia has been left behind in the European technological ideological and ‘business development’ stakes and deeply split on how to fix this The Slavophiles whose Bakunin style popular concept of negation and denouncement of Alexander II reforms including the emancipation of serfs in 1861 vs The Westernisers Turgenev amongst them who although operating without a clear and consistent political doctrine support all things western in their search for progression The former view Bazarov as an insulting caricature of their cause and the latter view him as a dirty rotten nihilistic scoundrel Meanwhile the West view him as the first proper literary nihilist and take to Turgenev like a house on fireBazarov of course is only a half baked nihilist He throws over his ideology at the alter of Madame Odinskaya’s feet asks his mother for superstitious style old world blessings and engages in a positively Romantic style duel with Arkady’s uncle Academics are having a field day as we speak at tracing the Byronic influences on his characterThe Slovophile vs Westerniser match off is fascinating This isn’t merely a semantic stand off a few after dinner soundbites being bandied about over brandy and a cigar Now that I know about it I can spot the elephant in the room practically in every chapter At one point Arkady and Bazarov praise Anna for her excellent use of Russian This is a passing sentence and its easy to just gloss over it butreallyexactly what language I wonder should Anna Odinskaya a Russian aristocrat born raised and living in Russia be speaking if not Russian? Well apparently French Knock me over with a feather but those Russian aristocrats from Catherine the Great’s time circa 1799 to late nineteenth century got so big for their britches they started parleying in French from cradle to grave and couldn’t even speak their own language Of all I say all the high falutin’ sycophantic preposterous things you could do if this just doesn’t take the cake Well I know the English did it too but a full 1000 years earlier After William of Normandy conuered and unified England in 1066 the court spoke French for the next 300 years But thats because the Normans were French to begin with My point is in a situation like this a Slavophile vs Westerniser disagreement might just take on slightly larger proportions than just a semantic joust One thing neither side disagreed on was the need to free the serfs Which partially happened in 1861 Russian serfs from what I can gather were little better off than slaves They were in fact slaves Tied to the estate forbidden to marry outside the estate or move out of the estate propelled into wars by their ‘masters’ toiling unpaid all day longyup definitely slaves This agreement to free the serfs though should not be taken as a carte blanche acknowledgement of an intrinsic serf worth on the contrary both sides are united in a blanket wave of derision and general despising of the peasants FS is littered with condescending and derogatory remarks about the serfs who are invariably being flogged for being fools drunkards and thieves Having said that they are also an integral part of country living in the way Mamie rules the roost at Tara in Gone with the WindMidway through the novel Turgenev does a very naughty love uadrangle turn and twist worthy of a Shakesperean aficionado Everybody falls in love with everyone else before they shakily settle into the ultimate euilibrium The BazarovAnna Odinskaya link is easily recognisable although none the less sad for it two cynics who are too jaded for each otherSo then thats for background How does Turgenev do with all of this? I got to shout it loud and clear from the mountaintop now he delivers I bawled like a baby twice in this reading and thats saying something I can’t remember the last time I had a teary eye It was Bazarov ‘wot done it both times first when he left his parents after only a three day soujourn and in the endyou know what I mean So this novel was shocking in the end I was shocked at how easily it moved me I even had a moment of self doubt was I going soft in the head? Well much to my relief I gather Turgenev elicits similar responses from many a reader and in particular his contemporaries Apparently Flaubert was astounded by him George Sand looked up to him James was influenced by him and only apparently Meredith matches his pathos in terms of the ‘dying scene’ in terms of contemporaries I haven’t read any Meredith whatsoever Its looking like Egoist and the Ordeal of Richard Feverel might be next


  5. İntellecta İntellecta says:

    This book is a real classic of russian literatureThe language is understandable and psychological depth The main character Basarov is the first nihilist of world literature and rejects all conventional moral concepts Even in love he sees nothing but the helplessness of lonely people and distances himself from her When he finally falls in love his worldview collapses Also next to the main character you will meet interesting characters and it's just fun to read this book Fathers and Sonsis one of the best known Russian social novels which portrays the sensitivities of Russia in the mid nineteenth century very vividly Absolutelly recomendable


  6. Praveen Praveen says:

    Fathers feel that they now belong to bygone times and sons feel that they have learned enough to indoctrinate new scientific theories and philosophies to the fathers This happens today and this happened in this realistic classical work based on the Russian society of the mid 19th century The story begins with two brothers First one Nikolai Petrovitch who had lost his wife but there remained a sense of well spent life as his son was growing up under his eyes and second Pavel Petrovitch on the contrary was a solitary bachelor who was entering upon a certain kind of indefinite twilight period of regrets that are akin to hopes and hopes that are akin to regrets when youth is over while old age has not yet comeOn one fine day of May 1859 Nikolai receives his son Arkady who has just finished his graduation from the University of Petersberg “So here you are a graduate at last and come home again” said Nikolai Petrovitch touching Arkady now on the shoulder now on the knee ‘At last’Here comes the most interesting character of this novel Mr Bazarov who is a friend of Arkady and has returned with him He stays at the estate of Arkady’s father for some time before going to his own family placeBazarov a very clever and intelligent young man who has a strong sense of conviction and aggression about his thoughts and words He scorns art family life and women He is representative of the theory of Nihilism I did not know if this concept of nihilism was already popular at that time in Russia or was made popular by Turgenev through this book Then I learned that the epithet of nihilism was in use since 1829 and this book only extended its interpretationBazarov does not believe in anything He only believes in himself He is cynical about his love affairs and he does not at all care about paternal tenderness One day he sees the father of Arkady reading Pushkin and he says to Arkady ‘The day before yesterday I saw him reading Pushkin’ Bazarov was continuing meanwhile‘Explain to him please that that is no earthly use He is not a boy you know; it’s time to throw up that rubbish And what an idea to be romantic at this time of day Give him something sensible to read’‘What ought I to give him ?’Asked Arkady‘Oh I think Buchner’s Stoff and raft to begin with’ Bazarov is full of scientific theories and he has plans for the mankind and for lower classes but Pavel Petrovitch an uncle of Arkady slowly inculcates the vehement feeling of contempt to Bazarov because of his nihilist ideology which somewhere in the middle of the story takes the form of a very unnecessary and egoistic clash in the form of a duel between them This classic story moves ahead in style and covers multiple themes and contexts I came to know that Turgenev was an enthusiastic hunter and it was his experience in the woods of his native province that supplied material for ‘A Sportsman's Sketches’ the book that had first brought him a reputation I have not read it yet however I witnessed a different sort of hunting abilities of the author in this book He has hunted the prevailing belief and order through his character of Bazarov whom he has made so strong that all existing philosophies die away in front of him You may not like him for his rudeness and crudity but you would certainly get impressed by his astonishing brillianceI got a wonderful picture of Russian society of its aristocracy of its middle class and of its peasantry life The content of this book is very rich in its prose and style I read two different translations of this work I enjoyed both I found nothing unnecessary in the plot one thing complemented the other Conversation among the characters is extremely lively and at those places I was nearly absorbed with the characters and ambiance Though he has not created any dominated woman character here the fancy towards young girls is well depicted Conflict of personality in male characters and struggle against 'the clutches of circumstances’ among female characters can be felt at many placesAs a reader I can not be satisfied when I find the characters of a book so real and engrossing that they go directly into me and get embedded somewhere within me with their own viewpoints and tenets I would very much like to read of this great writer I have already enlisted some of his major works


  7. MJ Nicholls MJ Nicholls says:

    Tremendous Forget the patchy barely coherent A Hero of Our Time This is your pre Tolstoy pre Dostoevsky almost—excusing a decade or two Russian masterpiece Do you want to be a nihilist with a casual interest in botany and medicine? Do you sneer at aristocratic values but have the hots for a milf with a vassal soaked estate? Do you treat your father’s house like a hotel and only pay fleeting three year visits during which you torment your poor mother and her servants? Do you want to snog your best friend’s father’s girlfriend because you like her cute bastard? Then my nonfriends Bazarov is the bloke for you Richard Freeborn’s translation makes use of British slang for the chummy moments ie “mate” which is arguably better than “dude” but only by a whisper Apart from that the excellence of Ivan’s best one shines through These gimps on the cover are piggishly apt


  8. Kalliope Kalliope says:

    Lately I seem to be reading second reads This is one of them and I am very glad I visited Turgenev’s most famous novel again Rereading is like visiting how one’s mind changes view spoiler I first read it before GR days but found that I had poste a 'Non Review' back in 2011 which I keep below hide spoiler


  9. Tim Wagner Tim Wagner says:

    If you want to read a great Russian novel but your wrists are to weak for Karenina or Brothers K this is your jam It's almost allegorical in its deployment of the characters' various philosophies but they're so human it's like watching Chekhov play across the page For a book written in the mid late 19th century it's amazingly relevant a pithy study of conservativism liberalism radicalism uietism and filial love and rebellion The bad tempered anarchist Bazarov is a character for the ages I bought copies for my dad and both my brothers


  10. Mark André Mark André says:

    A delightful and charming warm and friendly life affirming novel The perfect summer vacation book for anyone who likes to read


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