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Бесы [Reading] ➾ Бесы By Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Thomashillier.co.uk Alternate Cover Edition ISBN 0679734511 ISBN13 9780679734512Inspired by the true story of a political murder that horrified Russians in 1869 Fyodor Dostoevsky conceived of Demons as a novel pamphlet i Alternate Cover Edition ISBN ISBN Inspired by the true story of a political murder that horrified Russians in Fyodor Dostoevsky conceived of Demons as a novel pamphlet in which he would say everything about the plague of materialist ideology that he saw infecting his native land What emerged was a prophetic and ferociously funny masterpiece of ideology and murder in pre revolutionary Russia.


10 thoughts on “Бесы

  1. MJ Nicholls MJ Nicholls says:

    Popular Culture An Alphabetical Contempt a Let’s not mince words All populist entertainment is repulsive useless dangerous and witheringly anti intellectual b Except maybe Doctor Who But that’s hardly Beckett is it? c I first became an intellectual snob in my late teens I witnessed first hand the slow declension of burgeoning intellects through a routine of television video games and a fear of reading books d How did I escape this declension? e I learned words like declension I started to read books After a decade of unbridled virtual hedonism I crushed Sonic the Hedgehog to death with The Brothers Karamazov f It’s not hard to respect difficult art and escape the self perpetuating loops of populist cliché You don’t have to read broadsheets You don’t have to speak elouently about anything with intellectuals Who cares about all that bulldash the haw hawing in ginsenged dining rooms? g All you have to do is read watch listen h I spent four years thinking Green Day made the greatest music in the universe One day I heard some Stravinsky and burst into tears i Does this make me a pompous girlie man? j No k Or yes l I surprised myself by tackling Dostoevsky novels and finding them relevant to my own life psychology etc m So it all became clear The only way to grow as a human being through art is to confront difficulty to embrace difficulty and be pleasantly surprised when that effort translates into bliss n This isn’t a homily it’s an anecdote But I truly believe people who hide in dreary commercial art are betraying their capacity to think and improve and understand o Everything


  2. Lisa Lisa says:

    “At the inuest our doctors absolutely and emphatically rejected all idea of insanity” I open with the closing lines on the brink of exhaustion not sure of my own state of sanityReading Dostoyevsky is a bit like spending time with close family members with a diametrically opposed worldview I love them dearly unconditionally but I don’t LIKE them at all As I am slowly working my way through Dostoyevsky’s works starting with the whisperings of a man taking notes from the underground moving to the murderer Raskolnikov who manages to get my sympathy even though I loathe his actions and motives and and then over to a holy fool like Myshkin who enrages me completely with his ignorant arrogance and destructive power I have now made the acuaintance of the DevilsIf Raskolnikov hypnotised me and Myshkin made me curse the Devils have a slower yet even powerful impact on my mental euilibrium While I was reading the previous novels in a frenzy without any interruptions I had to take a prolonged break in the middle of this one I just could not stomach the account of the rape of a child and the subseuent “confession” of the crime by Stavrogin to a monk The position of the monk regarding the situation was of such evil that I felt I couldn’t read on I thought I could deal with the Russian nationalist and orthodox mindset by now but that was too much The girl committed suicide out of a religious panic believing she had “killed God” by being raped And the representative for the church thrilled by the confession and completely without pity for the child tells the murderer that he will be forgiven if only he suffers enough to please god First of all what kind of a god is that who encourages suffering even finds delight and pleasure in it but completely ignores the victim? What if I told my child that it is acceptable to brutally assault somebody as long as I see that he suffers afterwards that the crime is actually laudable because it gives me a welcome opportunity to watch my child suffer duly? Where is the educational police to arrest me for such parenting? Second the priest feels that the crime is “ridiculous” and “inelegant” and not bloody enough to be interesting He worries the murderer will turn into a laughing stock if he publishes his confession And also the crime is far too common to raise any eyebrowsThat scene made me close the book and not re open it for weeks This may be Dostoyevsky and he may be a genius but I have a limit to what I can take in And I am not willing to suffer to please any sadistic patriarchal sexually biased and oppressive god Self sacrifice is not a virtue in my worldview it is a vice which generates violence often resulting in horrible crimes committed against innocent people without connection to the fanatics who believe they are being religious heroes by promoting suffering The characters in Dostoyevsky’s world act like immature young boys feeling neglected and drawing negative attention to themselves to be seen by the god father figure “Look at me god” they yell “Look what I am doing And I am doing it all for you I want to be seen It is all about ME My confession is to be read publicly so people talk about ME And it is ME suffering not that inelegant little girl who was driven mad We are not talking about her it is MY suffering we are looking at MY right to be seen as a hero in pain for the sake of penitence The crime is just the necessary prereuisite to earn the right to the GREATEST penitence ever Never mind a girl had to die”While taking a break I continue to think about the novel though for such is his genius And I come to the conclusion that I am trying to suare a circle when I want to reconcile the evil characters and the theological idea Isn’t religious commitment supposed to be a force for good? That was my uestion and it is wrongFinally I realise that my premise is wrong and that Dostoyevsky’s sincere belief works so well mainly because he believes in an evil unfair god wanting suffering and complete submission a theology that isn’t intrinsically good at all according to my worldview which of course is personal not universal It is not good It just is Period Once I have dumped my connection between ethics and religion and accepted the reality of the characters I can read onAnd I am happy I did One of the most dramatic episodes in novelistic history must be the fête organised to benefit governesses in Russia and what a spectacle it is The Romantic poet dramatically bidding a farcically narcissistic farewell to his audience vowing never to write again stumbles over people’s sense that romantic feelings and allegorical language are a thing of the past The fête which is planned with the aim to celebrate the organisers than to support a good cause much like any celebrity fundraising event for charity nowadays is a complete fiasco The Devils at workWho are the devils?They are a group of radical socialists trying to impose another kind of absolute truth on a confused and explosive nation foreshadowing the Russian Revolution and its inhumane aspects perfectly As a document of historical processes I found Devils to be incredibly enlightening as it shows why Russia was incapable of transforming a patriarchal tyranny into a liberal democracy The new ideas are propagated in the same religiously exclusive way as the old doctrine There is one absolute truth which all have to live by and it will be forced upon the people by using violence Socialist or tsarist power the uestion is only which party is militarily stronger Both have their blind followers and their holy dogma to keep people on track In both cases self sacrifice is the motor which drives the destructive action In both cases the tirade in the Revelation about being spewed out by god your chosen infallible idea if you are lukewarm read moderate and reasonable guides the action of fanatics who decide to be either hot saints or cold devils for the sake of reaching “Greatness of the Soul”For women who can never be committed fanatically to anything according to Dostoyevsky’s characters that means slavery abuse and oppression either wayFor the male characters it means a competition in a lethal show down in the manner of Macbeth’s last scenes Who has the greatest soul who dies in the most visibly dramatic way? Curtain falls on the suffering women who unfortunately have nothing to gain from that “virtue” For “a woman is always a woman even if she is a nun” And that means she commits the crime of being lukewarm Let’s spit her outDevils is harrowing darkly funny brilliantly told It is a masterpiece I wouldn’t have felt such brutal pain otherwise It is recommended to all who want to understand the strange patterns of sexual political and ritual power that charismatic men exert over dependent people even to this dayA tale so deeply unethical it is a challenge to read A worthwhile challenge though


  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Бесы The Possessed Demons The Devils Fyodor Dostoyevsky The Devils is a novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky first published in the journal The Russian Messenger in 1871–2 It is considered one of the four masterworks written by Dostoyevsky after his return from Siberian exile along with Crime and Punishment 1866 The Idiot 1869 and The Brothers Karamazov 1880 The Devils is a social and political satire a psychological drama and large scale tragedy After an almost illustrious but prematurely curtailed academic career Stepan Trofimovich Verkhovensky is residing with the wealthy landowner Varvara Petrovna Stavrogina at her estate Skvoreshniki in a provincial Russian town Originally employed as a tutor to Stavrogina's son Nikolai Vsevolodovich Stepan Trofimovich has been there for almost twenty years in an intimate but platonic relationship with his noble patroness Stepan Trofimovich also has a son from a previous marriage but he has grown up elsewhere without his father's involvementA troubled Varvara Petrovna has just returned from Switzerland where she has been visiting Nikolai Vsevolodovich She berates Stepan Trofimovich for his financial irresponsibility but her main preoccupation is an intrigue she encountered in Switzerland concerning her son and his relations with Liza Tushina—the beautiful daughter of her friend Praskovya Praskovya and Liza arrive at the town without Nikolai Vsevolodovich who has gone to Petersburg According to Praskovya Varvara Petrovna's young protégé Darya Pavlovna Dasha has also somehow become involved with Nikolai Vsevolodovich but the details are ambiguous Varvara Petrovna suddenly conceives the idea of forming an engagement between Stepan Trofimovich and Dasha Though dismayed Stepan Trofimovich accedes to her proposal which happens to resolve a delicate financial issue for him Influenced by gossip he begins to suspect that he is being married off to cover up another man's sins and writes noble letters to his fiancée and Nikolai Vsevolodovich Matters are further complicated by the arrival of a mysterious crippled woman Marya Lebyadkina to whom Nikolai Vsevolodovich is also rumoured to be connected although no one seems to know exactly how A hint is given when Varvara Petrovna asks the mentally disturbed Marya who has approached her outside church if she is Lebyadkina and she replies that she is not عنوانها «شیاطین جن زدگان»؛ «تسخیر شدگان»؛ تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز دهم ماه می سال 1966میلادیعنوان تسخیر شدگان؛ نویسنده فئودور میخائیلوویچ داستایوسکی؛ مترجم علی اصغر خبره زاده؛ چاپ دوم 1343، در دو جلد، چاپ دیگر تهران، آسیا، 1350، در دو جلد؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، نگاه، زرین، 1367، چاپ دیگر تهران، نگاه، 1385، در 997ص؛ چاپ نهم 1386، شابک 9643513211؛ چاپ چهاردهم 1392؛ شابک 9789643513214؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 20معنوان شیاطین جن زدگان؛ نویسنده فئودور میخائیلوویچ داستایوسکی؛ مترجم سروش حبیبی؛ تهران، نیلوفر، 1386، در 1019ص؛ شابک 9789644483349؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 20مموضوع اصلی داستان یک توطئه سیاسی، در یکی از شهرهاست؛ قهرمانان داستان موجوداتی پست، و بی خیال و از آموزه های بشری، بی بهره، و جن زده، و تسخیر شده هستند؛ آنها زندانی یک قدرت مرموزند، که آنها را، به ارتکاب اعمالی وادار میکند، که لیاقت و سزاواری انجام آن را ندارند؛ انسانهایی که عروسکهای خیمه شب بازی هستند، و به فرمان شیاطین، به جنب و جوش درمیآیند؛ داستان با یک رشته رخدادهای مرموز، که در ظاهر با رویدادهای دیگر ارتباط ندارند، پایان مییابدروایتگری در این داستان، بر دوش یکی از شخصیت‌های نه چندان شاخص آن است، و آن شخص «آنتوان لاورنتیوویچ» نام دارد، او رفیق گرمابه و گلستان یکی از مهمترین شخصیت‌های این رمان، یعنی «استپان ورخاوینسکی» است؛ راوی داستان، کارمند دولت است، که کوشش میکند تا ماجراهای ناباورانه را، که به تازگی در منطقه شان رخ داده اند، بازگو کند؛ اما دل انگیزی رویدادها در این است، که این راوی نه چندان مهم، در رویدادهای داستان، گاهی تا آنجاست که او از رویدادها، و درونیات شخصیت‌های داستان نیز آگاهی دارد، و به یک «دانای کل» تغییر ماهیت می‌دهد؛ راوی داستان، بیانی هوشیارانه، و دقیق، دارد، ولی در داستان، این تنها همو نیست، که داستان را بازگو می‌کند، و در برخی موارد، به‌ طور کامل، صدای راوی گسسته می‌شود؛ چندصدایی، یعنی وجود آدم‌های وارسته، آگاه، دانا، شجاع، و کسانیکه، می‌توانند باورهای خود را، بیان کنند، این‌ها همان صاحبان صدا هستند؛ صاحبان صدا کسانی نیستند، که صاحب زبان باشند، صاحب صدا یعنی دارنده ی فکر و اندیشه، و صاحب نظر؛ صداها می‌توانند به هم نزدیک، یا از هم دور باشند، این آزاد بودن است، که صدا را می‌آفریند؛ «داستایوسکی»، با آفرینش شخصیت «تروفیموویچ»، خواسته اند تا شخصیت‌های آرمانگرای لیبرال دوران دهه ی 1840میلادی روسیه، همچون «آلکساندر هرتسن»، و «تیموفی گرانفسکی» را، بازسازی کنند، «واروارا پتروونا استاوروگینا»، دیگر شخصیت شاخص رمان، زنی ثروتمند، با نفوذ و ملاک است، که در شهریکه داستان در آن، روایت می‌شود، یعنی «سکورشنیکی» زندگی می‌کند؛ حامی اصلی «استپان تروفیموویچ»، همین خانم هست، که هم وظیفه ی حمایت مالی و معنوی وی را، بر دوش دارد، و هم به اندازه ی کافی، بر ایشان فرمان میراند؛ «واروارا پترووانا»، در واقع در آن شهر، به زنی روشنفکر، و پیشرو، شهره هستند، و در جلسات روشنفکران، حضوری همشگی دارند؛ آگاهانه، و باسخاوت، و روشن ضمیری «واروارا»، او را وامیدارد، که خود را، حامی بزرگوار هنر، و کارهای خیرخواهانه نشان دهد؛ و پر اثرترین شخصیت این داستان، بدون شک «نیکولای وسوولاویچ استاوروگین» است؛ زیبایی، خوشتیپی، و توانایی، از ویژگی‌های شخصیتی «استاوروگین» است؛ ولی با همه ی اینها، به گفته ی راوی داستان، دافعه ای درون اوست، که مانع همدلی کسان دیگر، با وی می‌شود؛ شخصیت اجتماعی وی عبوس، و بسیار خود رای، نشان می‌دهد، اما همگی شخصیت‌های داستان، شیفته وی هستند؛ از دیگر شخصیت های داستان «پیوتر استپانوویچ ورخاوینسکی»؛ «ایوان پاوولیچ شاتوف»؛ «الکسی نیلیچ کیریلف»؛ «لیزاوتا نیکولینا توشینا لیزا»؛ «داریا پاولوونا»؛ «ماریا تیموفینا لبیادکین»؛ و «سروان لبیادکین» هستندتاریخ بهنگام رسانی 02071399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی


  4. Darwin8u Darwin8u says:

    “Full freedom will come only when it makes no difference whether to live or not to live That’s the goal for everyone” ― Fyodor Dostoyevsky Demons Review in limboI loved the Devils out of the PossessedHow the Hell do I adeuately review this? Once someone hits a certain genius with writing or other forms of art it is impossible to really grade their art How could one grade Beethoven's great symphonies? Is DemonsDevilsthe Possessed better than Crime and Punishment The Brothers Karamazov The Idiot? Tell me do you prefer Matthew Mark Luke or John? Dostoyevsky is writing the gospels man Greatness is not a bolus of achievement or a gout of acclaim It just is Each of Dostoyevsky's big novels is a piece that is both infinitely frustrating and beautifully perfect at the same time There was probably to love for me in Brothers Karamazov but it didn't flow as easily as Demons but still gah still I think I love Demons No Brothers K No Gah Desert Island book? Forced to pick? To HELL with you I'm taking both or trade my food of foot or future for the second book IT IS that good Demons is what you get when you mix a writer who is a philosopher on par with the thinking greats a writer who is a psychologist on par with the behavioral greats a writer who is a preacher on par with the moral greats Oh and you better make damn sure this writer is hypergraphicOK I'm going to have to calm down Let this review stew and seep Think some Sip some and return and revise This this review captures some of the energy I felt closing this book but doesn't even come close to demanding from me what this book and the Man deserve Yes I kept thinking vaguely of the Big Lebowski as I read this


  5. Henry Avila Henry Avila says:

    Winds of change are finally sweeping Czarist Russia in the 1860's Ideas good or bad arrive too they have been around for decades in the rest of Europe this land is no longer isolated Socialism is the new fad for the intellectuals The serfs have been freed by Alexander the Second courts democratized the death penalty seldom carried out people can speak and write freely up to a point There is still Siberia for those who go over the line a little And all the new railroads will get you to it that cold desolate territory very uickly In a provincial town where nothing ever happens a new Governor has been appointed Andrei Antonovich von Lembke yes there are a lot of intelligent Germans in the country to modernize Imperial Russia Lembke is a good man and wants to help the Russians in his province But a weak person and his wife Yulia is the power behind the throne She is greatly influenced by Pyotr Verkhovensky some say controlled by him the secret leader of a group of Nihilists they believe the bizarre notion you have to destroy everything before you can rebuild the nation Pyotr is the estranged son of Stepan Verkhovensky a lazy scholar who sponges off the wealthy widow of a general Varvara Petrovna Stavrogin She's the head of the local high society what there is here and has a wild son Nikolai the main character in the book who gets involved in deadly duels and his best friend is Pyotr Verkhovensky it's a small town Nikolai has many adventures with women and violence travels the world Greece Germany France Switzerland Egypt and even Iceland but can never be happy his conscience will not permit that Nikolai is not comfortable joining the nihilists and Pyotr is afraid of him Strange events begin in this uiet town a big rise in transgressions and newspapers urging revolution are being found Fedka an escaped convict and former serf goes on a crime spree imagine murders and robberies in this place The police can't capture him why ? Crazy rumors flow like a flooding river Yulia has problems with her jealous husband not to mention Varvara a big rival and her literary celebration efforts and party are a disaster uite funny if you're not she or her friends The wobbly Governor is acting weirdly yelling at everyone giving orders the difficulty nobody understands his words Fires breaks out at a nearby town dead bodies discovered suicides increase there is something not rightDostoyevsky's philosophical novel inspired by a real political killing in 1869 about demons possessing the people of Russia causing them to do evil deeds in the name of revolution Anything can be justified as long as the results satisfy The Ends Justify the Means Sadly this concept is still widely believed in the 21st century


  6. Amalia Gavea Amalia Gavea says:

    Listen to a big idea There was one day on earth and in the middle of the earth stood three crosses One on a cross believed so much that he said to another 'This day you will be with me in paradise' They day ended they both died went and did not find either paradise or resurrection What had been said would not prove true Listen this man was the highest on all the earth he constituted what it was to live for Without this man the whole planet with everything on it is madness only There has not been one like Him before or since not ever even to the point of miracle This is the miracle that there has not been and never will be such a one And if so if the laws of nature did not pity even This One did not pity even their own miracle but made Him too live amidst a lie and die for a lie then the whole planet is a lie and stands upon a lie and a stupid mockery Then the very laws of the planet are a lie and a devil's vaudeville Why live then answer me if you're a man”


  7. Sarah Sarah says:

    My favorite extended uote from Demons “Having devoted my energy to studying the uestion of the social organization of the future society which is to replace the present one I have come to the conclusion that all creators of social systems from ancient times to our year have been dreamers tale tellers fools who contradicted themselves and understood precisely nothing of natural science or of that strange animal known as man Plato Rousseau Fourier aluminum columns—this is fit perhaps for sparrows but not for human society But since the future social form is necessary precisely now when we are finally going to act so as to stop any further thinking about it I am suggesting my own system of world organization Here it is I wanted to explain my book to the gathering in the briefest possible way; but I see that I will have to add a great deal of verbal clarification and therefore the whole explanation will take at least ten evenings according to the number of chapters in my book Besides that I announce ahead of time that my system is not finished I got entangled in my own data and my conclusion directly contradicts the original idea from which I start Starting from unlimited freedom I conclude with unlimited despotism I will add however that apart from my solution of the social formula there can be no other”


  8. Vit Babenco Vit Babenco says:

    Fyodor Dostoyevsky’s portrayal of human nature is so idiosyncratic that he simply can’t be surpassed by anybody in this artThere always are some fashionable ideas and human beings who can’t think indepedably prefer to follow this fashion blindly and those people are eventually used by the others They just become cat’s paw“And you know it all comes from that same half bakedness that sentimentality They are fascinated not by realism but by the emotional ideal side of socialism by the religious note in it so to say by the poetry of it second hand of course”They are hollow men men of paper but united they turn into a disturbed wasp nest or a skein of venomous snakes“Men made of paper It all comes from flunkeyism of thought There's hatred in it too They'd be the first to be terribly unhappy if Russia could be suddenly reformed even to suit their own ideas and became extraordinarily prosperous and happy They'd have no one to hate then no one to curse nothing to find fault with There is nothing in it but an immense animal hatred for Russia which has eaten into their organism”He who can’t find his place in the sun always ends up trying to destroy the word


  9. Katia N Katia N says:

    DemonsFirst of all a little note I’ve read the book in Russian and normally I would review it in Russian as well But I think the Demons are unjustifiably overshadowed in the West by other Dostoevsky novels So I wanted to write something to change the situation a bitIt is the most powerful novel by Dostoevsky It is profound than schematical “Crime and Punishment” and much less preaching than “Karamazovs Brothers” though the later one is building upon the “Demons” It is the only big novel by him which contains a strong political element along with the traditional psychology and his religious thinking Some of the main protagonists are revolutionary terrorists The similar people would kill the Russian reformist tsar Alexander II just a few years after the novel was finished Among other things Dostoevsky demonstrates how the pure desire of power could corrupt soul I do not have sufficient knowledge of the world’s history but I think the revolutionary sects in Russia of the second half of the19th century have become the pioneers of using the terror for their purposes in its modern meaning of the word Anna Geifman the American scholar in her book Death Orders The Vanguard of Modern Terrorism in Revolutionary Russia shows a lot of similarities between the Russian terrorists and nowadays’ terrorists“Converting concrete grievance into messianic aspirations and practical purposes into holy causes they operate within distinctive parameters of a theology of Armageddon a final battle between good and evil in which at stake in no less than universal salvation”It is a very modern novel in many other ways The methods those terrorists on the radical left use could be a primer for the radical right who supported Trump in the recent elections fake news; making everyone confused and disoriented; spread rumours as true facts and play on liberals’ impotency in certain issues; marginalising and discrediting the authority all these tools are described in the book I was shocked to find so many analogies with our time However the main purpose of the novel imho to show what a spiritual emptiness can do to a human nature How unresolved individual existential crisis and the search for completeness might lead to a disaster For those who read the novel for the first time it is an imperative to read the chapter “At Tikhon’s” after the end of the part ii of the novel Currently they publish it as an Appendix It was censored out by the Russian authorities at that time on the basis of its “unbearable realism” It is a shocking and revelatory chapter summarising the essence of the novel And it is impossible to understand and appreciate the novel with leaving the reading of this chapter to the end In spite of all the bleakness it is a very funny novel I’ve read it for the first time when I was 17 And then it was shocking and tragic When I’ve read it now it has come across like a farce Generally one needs to read Dostoyesky novels during the one’s teens while you ask all those big uestions about the meaning of life and look for the answers I think that is why Nabokov was uite cold about Dostoevsky according to him Dostoyevsky is not an artist May well be I personally do not totally share his religious and historiographic views But his work creates a huge impact on a different level it is not about language it is about daring to go deep into the darker side of human nature and coming back from there constantly balancingI finish with the uote from the article by Rowan Williams “What makes it the Demons so well worth reading now is its unsparing vision of what destructive forces come into the world when there is a vacuum of spiritual understanding “По русскиИзвестное высказывание что история первый раз происходит как трагедия и повторяется второй раз как фарс Так и для меня второе прочтение этого романа Первый раз почти в детстве меня шокировали и трогали трагические аспекты Сейчас все более хаос и фарс Жаль что этот роман скорее всего в современной России может быть использован властью для маргинализации любой оппозиции и защиты статус сквоА вообще роман про “меня ужаснула великая праздная сила ушедшая нарочито в мерзость” слова Тихона из опущенной главы


  10. Elie F Elie F says:

    Seeking for God through demonsDostoevsky's Demons reminds me a bit of the spirit which Socrates sees love as in The Symposium halfway through gods and man and serving as a ladder in between At first glance Demons is a anti nihilist anti Western pamphlet novel preaching a certain Russian Christianism that is essentially religious nationalism The charismatic and demonic characters can be regarded as spokesmen for different ideologies that are gripping on the Russian mind Each of these ideologies carry a perspective on God as Shatov put it The aim of all movements of nationsis solely seeking for God Let it be Pyotr Verkhovensky's destructive nihilistic socialism which serves as a disguise for opportunism or Kirilov's faith in self will to overcome pain and fear and become God himself or Shatov's religious nationalism which regards God as the synthetic person of a nation or Stavrogin's figure as a Satan like seductive yet repellent and empty personality which Dostoevsky associates with the hallucination of Romanticism All of them perish at the end of the novel which Dostoevsky portrays as a sign of immeasurable and infinite divinity I don't know how much Dostoevsky agrees with the neurotic Christianism which he seemingly preaches in all his major works and is also iterated by the dying Stepan Verkhovensky at the end of Demons And perhaps they already have It is us us and them and Petrusha et les autres avec lui and I perhaps first at the head and we will rush insane and raging from the cliff down into the sea and all be drowned and good riddance to us because that's the most we're fit for But the sick man will be healed and 'sit at the feet of Jesus' and everyone will look in amazement The whole law of human existence consists in nothing other than a man's always being able to bow before the immeasurably great Stepen Verkhovensky self identifies as a demon that will eventually come out of the sick man that is Russia and enter into swines What the swines will be I'm curious


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