Капитанская дочка PDF ↠


Капитанская дочка [PDF / Epub] ☀ Капитанская дочка By Alexander Pushkin – Thomashillier.co.uk Pushkin's version of the historical novel in the style of Walter Scott this final prose work also reflects his fascination with and research into Russian history of the 18th century During the reign o Pushkin's version of the historical novel in the style of Walter Scott this final prose work also reflects his fascination with and research into Russian history of the th century During the reign of Catherine the Great the young Grinev sets out for his new career in the army and en route performs an act of kindness by giving his warm coat to a man freezing in a blizzard This action reaps its reward when he subseuently finds himself caught up in the rebellion headed by the infamous and strangely familiar Pugachev Rivalry with a fellow officer for the affections of Captain Mironov's daughter further complicates Grinev's affairs and ultimately it is only an appeal by Masha Mironova the eponymous captain's daughter to the Empress herself that can unravel a tangled web.

  • Paperback
  • 124 pages
  • Капитанская дочка
  • Alexander Pushkin
  • English
  • 06 September 2015
  • 9781843911548

About the Author: Alexander Pushkin

Александр Сергеевич ПушкинFrench.



10 thoughts on “Капитанская дочка

  1. Ilse(on semi-hiatus) Ilse(on semi-hiatus) says:

    Something About Pushkin It’s hard to say something about Pushkin to a person who doesn’t know anything about him Pushkin is a great poet Napoleon is not as great as Pushkin Bismarck compared to Pushkin is a nobody And the Alexanders First Second and Third are just little kids compared to Pushkin In fact compared to Pushkin all people are little kids except Gogol Compared to him Pushkin is a little kid And so instead of writing about Pushkin I would rather write about Gogol Although Gogol is so great that not a thing can be written about him so I'll write about Pushkin after all Yet after Gogol it’s a shame to have to write about Pushkin But you can’t write anything about Gogol So I’d rather not write anything about anyone Daniil Kharms Today I Wrote Nothing The Selected Writings 1936 No writer in the world not even Shakespeare or Goethe has ever been venerated in his homeland than Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin Russia’s mythic national bard proclaimed in unison by the Russians their ‘all’ their Genius their divinity the ‘soul’ or ‘spirit’ of Russia and Art incarnate Even the Soviets acknowledged his uniue and godlike status exploiting the Pushkin cult during the height of the purges mirroring Stalin’s cult of personality At the 1937 Jubilee Pushkin was made a representative Soviet hero just has Dostoevsky in his famous speech has made him the ultimate Russian prophet in 1880 at the unveiling of the Pushkin monument in Moscow While one hero after another has toppled in Post Communist Russia Pushkin has withstood all the vicissitudes of Russian regime changes to emerge intact Growing sideburns in Russia all the rage in the 19th Century is nowadays still immediately associated with trying to imitate the poet Turning and to prose after 1830 Pushkin wrote the concise historical novel The Captain’s Daughter the only novel he finished published two months before his tragic death in 1836 Unlike his poetry Pushkin’s prose didn’t resonate much with the wider audience at the time Blending a style averse from prolixity or frippery playing with literary conventions and genres his prose didn’t fit the conventional taste of his time But his prose deeply impressed the literati following in his footsteps Gogol Turgenev Chekhov Gorky Nabokov At the end of his life Tolstoy preferred Pushkin the prosaist above Pushkin the poet 'The main thing in him is the simplicity and terseness of the narrative there is never anything superfluous Pushkin is amazing because it is impossible to change a single word in his writings And not only is it impossible to take away a word but it is impossible to add one' The captain’s daughter was Chekhov’s favorite According to Gogol Pushkin’s friend and protégé “in comparison with The Captain’s daughter all our novels and tales are like saccharine mush Purity and lack of artifice rise to such a high degree in it that reality itself seems artificial and a caricature next to it” Dostoevsky praised the naturalness of his prose Dealing with the most important paroxysm of popular fury known in Russian history the Soviets valued The Captain’s Daughter for its realism and apparent class consciousness The obligated romance and uarrelling about Masha the daughter of the officer mentioned in the title of the novel occurs like a fairytale subplot a vehicle to highlight two antagonist characters the narrator the naïve and noble poet hero Pyotr Grinyov and the archetypical disloyal villain Shvabrin In fact they look like anemic schoolboys compared to Puskhin’s vivid portrayal of the real protagonist of the story the Don Cossack Yemelyan Pugachev the leader of the most widespread and serious popular revolt under Catherine the Great in the years 1773 1775 Pushkin put a lot of effort in his research on the resurrection studying state archives and travelling to Orenburg to interview witnesses The bloodshed and savagery on both sides – aren’t sugarcoated – Pushkin’s nonchalant observations on tsarist mutilation punishments like nose cutting and the slaughtering and hanging of officers by the rebels left me shivering Unlike his image in official history Pugachev himself however is not depicted as a monster Pushkin accredits him with human traits painting vibrantly his boisterous bravura casual cruelty and boasting vanity as well as his camaraderie magnanimity and simple generosity Unless his latent sympathy for his fictitious Pugachev Pushkin the nobleman of “six—hundred year old lineage” clearly rejects the insurrection God save us from seeing a Russian revolt senseless and merciless Those who plot impossible upheavals among us are either young and do not know our people or are hard hearted men who do not care a straw either about their own lives or those of othersHaving a soft spot for the Russian classics ever since my youth I was enchanted when reading Pushkin’s verse novel Eugene Onegin years ago and mesmerized by the eponymous opera by Tchaikovsky The Captain’s Daughter is the kind of novel I turn to when longing for homecoming for charm euivalent to a beam of sunlight a treat I loved the dynamic vitality of the language the compelling and powerful story the playfulness and was intrigued by the picaresue complexity of Pugachev’s personality and this part of Russian history Thank you so much Florencia for reminding me of this gem

  2. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Капитанская дочка Kapitanskaya dochka The Captain's Daughter Alexander PushkinThe Captain's Daughter is an historical novel by the Russian writer Alexander Pushkin It was first published in 1836 in the fourth issue of the literary journal Sovremennik The novel is a romanticized account of Pugachev's Rebellion in 1773–1774 Pyotr Andreyich Grinyov is the only surviving child of a retired army officer When Pyotr turns 17 his father sends him into military service in Orenburg En route Pyotr gets lost in a blizzard but is rescued by a mysterious man As a token of his gratitude Pyotr gives the guide his hareskin coatArriving in Orenburg Pyotr reports to his commanding officer and is assigned to serve at Fort Belogorsky under captain Ivan Mironov The fort is little than a fence around a village and the captain's wife Vasilisa is really in charge Pyotr befriends his fellow officer Shvabrin who has been banished here after a duel resulted in the death of his opponent When Pyotr dines with the Mironov family he meets their daughter Masha and falls in love with her This causes a rift between Pyotr and Shvabrin who has been turned down by Masha When Shvabrin insults Masha's honor Pyotr and Shvabrin duel and Pyotr is injured Pyotr asks his father's consent to marry Masha but is refused تاریخ نخستین خوانش روز بیست و هفتم ماه آگوست سال 1972 میلادیعنوان دختر سروان؛ نویسنده الکساندر پوشکین ؛ مترجم پرویز ناتل‌خانلری؛ 1310؛ چاپ دوم تهران سازمان کتابهای جیبی، 1341؛ در 172 ص؛ چاپ دیگر ت‍ه‍ران‌ م‍ع‍ی‍ن‌، 1369؛ در 148 ص؛ چاپ چهارم 1379؛ شابک 9645673759؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 19 معنوان دختر سروان؛ نویسنده الکساندر پوشکین؛ با مقدمه نوذر؛ مترجم حسین نوروزی؛ تهران بنگاه مطبوعاتی ناقوس‏‫،‌ 1329؛ در 16 و 126 ص؛ چاپ دوم 1357؛ عنوان دختر سروان؛ نویسنده الکساندر پوشکین؛مترجم ش‍ی‍وا روی‍گ‍ری‍ان‌؛ تهران میلاد‏‫‏، 1363؛ در 176 ص؛ چاپ چهارم 1365؛ چاپ پنجم 1368؛ چاپ ششم 1369؛عنوان دختر کاپیتان دوب‍روف‍س‍ک‍ی‌، داس‍ت‍ان‍ه‍ای‌ ب‍ل‍ک‍ی‍ن‌؛ نویسنده الکساندر پوشکین؛ مترجم ع‍ل‍ی‌ ب‍ی‍ات‌ و ض‍ی‍اآال‍دی‍ن‌ ف‍روش‍ان‍ی‌؛تهران، تندر، 1362؛ در 420 ص؛پرویز ناتل خانلری ترجمه خویش را در سال 1310 هجری خورشیدی نشر داد، شیوا رویگریان نیز کتاب پوشکین را ترجمه کرده، انتشارات میلاد بهاران نخستین چاپ این اثر را در سال 1363 هجری خورشیدی و چاپ ششم کتاب را در سال 1369 هجری خورشیدی نشر داده استداستان دختر سروان، در متن داستان پوگاچف، جریان دارد، داستان پوگاچف داستان شورش دهقانان، بر علیه ظلم نظام سرواژ در روسیه ی دوران تزارها استآه دلدارمچه شیرین بود دیدارتکه، ما را آیت عشق تو آموختو اما، دریغا از فراقتکه بر قامت، ز تلخی، جامه ای دوختکراسکوچکیده داستانِ دختر سروان، درباره «پتر آندرویچ»، جوانی اشراف زاده ای، در اواخر سده هجدهم میلادی است او به سن سربازی رسیده است، و پدرش بر خلاف نظر مادرش، او را به خدمت نظام میفرستد، و از روابط خویش استفاده میکند، تا پسرش را به منطقه ای دورافتاده، در شرق رود ولگا، و کنار دشت‌های قزاقستان، اعزام کنند در راه، مرد کُزَک قزاق ناشناس، راهنمای او می‌شود پتر آندرویچ، در قلعه‌ ای، نزدیک به شهر ارنبورگ، مشغول خدمت می‌شود وی عاشق «ماریا»، دختر سروان محل خدمتش، میشود چندی بعد کُزکی قزاقی که به طور اتفاقی، راهنمای او شده بود، یعنی «یملیان پوگاچف»، علیه حکومت روسیه قیام کرده، و به قلعه ی آن‌ها حمله‌ ور می‌شود، و «پتر آندرویچ»، رودرروی او، قرار می‌گیرد «پوگاچف» به پاس پوستینی که «پتر آندریوج»، به او بخشیده، جان او را نجات داده، و از وی حمایت می‌کند، با اینحال «آندرویچ» نمی‌پذیرد، که به سپاه «پوگاچف» بپیوندد از سوی دیگر «آندریویچ»، برای حمایت از دختر مورد علاقه ی خود، حوادث دور از ذهنی را، باید از سر بگذراند، و در این بین، رقیبی عشقی، از همه بیشتر برای او دردسرساز میشود؛ ا شربیانی

  3. Florencia Florencia says:

    I am familiar with Pushkin's writing And whereas I prefer Pushkin the Poet I can say with absolute certainty that in fact I enjoyed this novella but for other somewhat unexpected reasons I found the plot so enthralling that I could not put this book down Historical facts and pure fiction are interwoven as a single reality which eventually prompted me to read about Russian history in order to comprehend the political and social background and Pushkin's points of view on themThe context of this story revolves around the rebellion led by Yemelyan Ivanovich Pugachev a man who claimed to be Tsar Peter III and conseuently established an alternative government during 1773 and 1775 actually until late 1774 Pugachev was executed in January 1775; well if you come up with the smart idea of impersonating an emperor sparking off one of the largest peasant revolts in the history of your country expect no colorful parade in your honor I will abstain from revealing much details my Anna Karenina review is reaching astronomical proportions and I think that's going to be painful enough; I wouldn't want to put the entire world to sleep; that would be awkward and terribly exhausting but it may happen so in the spirit of a uick review I must say that the characters have been decently developed I felt some sort of ambivalence towards them; and some are to put it mildly despicable and exemplify the recurrent thought that almost nothing is done altruistically The writing seems to be focused on the description of events rather than the characters' psyche something that gave me Iceberg City flashbacks But the lyrical tone that defines Pushkin's style was still presentThe main character is Pyotr Andreyich Grinyov a young man whose father sends him into military service with his old servant because according to him it is time he starts acting like a man and hard work is the way to accomplish thatA blizzard a chance meeting a woman obviously; a duel naturally and a great opportunity to dive into Pushkin's writing and Russian historyMar 21 16 Also on my blog

  4. Bill Kerwin Bill Kerwin says:

    The short novel The Captain’s Daughter 1836 is the last of Pushkin’s great achievements; he published it in his thirty seventh year months before the duel that led to his deathThe proof of its genius is that although it often seems to be many books at once—a near parody of a naive young officer’s memoir a realistic depiction of a godforsaken military backwater an accurate historical novelization of an often brutal Russian rebellion an unabashedly romantic tale in which the hero rescues his eponymous heroine a surprising fairy tale with a denouement in which the captain’s daughter’s returns the favor—it also never ceases to be one resplendent unity a sincere homage to the works of Sir Walter Scott but a criticism of him too refining the scotsman’s themes and concentrating his effects with a disciplined though still romantic style As such it resembles Hugo’s historical meditation Notre Dame de Paris 1831 and foreshadows the swashbuckling Dumas novels to comeHere to give you a taste of Pushkin’s realism and humor is our hero’s account of his arrival at the isolated border fort where most of the story takes place “Is it far from here to the fort?” I asked the driver“Why you can see it from here” replied heI began looking all round expecting to see high bastions a wall and a ditch I saw nothing but a little village surrounded by a wooden palisade On one side three or four haystacks half covered with snow; on another a tumble down windmill whose sails made of coarse limetree bark hung idly down“But where is the fort?” I asked in surprise“There it is yonder to be sure” rejoined the driver pointing out to me the village which we had just reachedI noticed near the gateway an old iron cannon The streets were narrow and crooked nearly all the cottages were thatched I ordered him to take me to the Commandant and almost directly my wagon stopped before a wooden house built on a knoll near the church which was also in woodNo one came to meet me From the steps I entered the ante room I looked out of the narrow window I saw stretching out before me a bare and dull steppe; on one side there stood some huts Some fowls were wandering down the street An old woman standing on a doorstep holding in her hand a trough was calling to some pigs the pigs replying by amicable gruntsAnd it was in such a country as this I was condemned to pass my youth

  5. Matt Matt says:

    Listen said Pugachev with a sort of wild inspiration I'll tell you a tale that I heard as a child from an old Kalmyk woman Once an eagle asked a raven 'Tell me raven bird why do you live three hundred years in the wide world and I all in all thirty three?' 'Because my dear friend' the raven answered him 'you drink living blood while I feed on dead meat' The eagle thought 'Let's us try feeding on the same' Good So the eagle and the raven flew off They saw a dead horse; they flew down and alighted The raven started pecking and praising The eagle pecked once pecked twice waved his wing and said to the raven 'No brother raven rather than feed on carrion for three hundred years it's better to drink the living blood once and then take what God sends' How's that for a Kalmyk tale?Ingenius I replied But to live by murder and robbery for me means to peck at dead meatPugachev looked at me in surprise and made no reply We both fell silent each immersed in his own reflections The Tartar struck up a mournful song; Savelych dozing swayed on the box The kibitka flew down the smooth winter roadPushkin considers certain traits of human behavior in The Captain's Daughter While I was anticipating love to be the central trait in a novella about devotion during a time of rebellion it was not What Pushkin is pushing at what he is exploring in my opinion is mercy This theme underlies the entire story and it is endlessly interesting how the author does so I will not spoil how that would take all the fun out of it But The Captain's Daughter made me think of how mercy is a uality that may not come easily It takes much to forgive especially if the offense taken is grievous And if the power to condemn rests on us alone is it easier to give way to punishment or to mercy? Any granting of mercy would not be possible without truth; this is how Pushkin truly exerts himself and asks us can we count on each other sinful and repentant for forgiveness and kindness? Nevertheless if I am incoherent in my thoughts it is a byproduct of writing this review at 230 AM after feeding my teething son And as a poor tired father I beg you the reader for mercy

  6. Eric Eric says:

    The Captain’s Daughter Pushkin’s novella ostensibly about young lovers caught up in Pugachev’s peasant Cossack revolt against Catherine the Great bored me to tears in college; but I wanted to reacuaint myself with it in order to read “Pushkin and Pugachev” Marina Tsvetaeva’s critical essay and companion to her astounding memoir My Pushkin Now that may be putting the critical cart before the creative horse but Tsvetaeva is a great poet too and “criticism” a poor word for her ecstatic communion with Pushkin for the hallucinatory intensity of imagery that even in translation made me slightly dizzy Joseph Brodsky said that while Tsvetaeva may have written prose she never stooped to the prosaic I nodded vigorously when Tsvetaeva declared that for her The Captain’s Daughter has no captain and he has no daughter—nodded not because I have the same measure of exalted contempt for the conventional romance and sitcom like spousal comedy that frames or distracts from what she sees as the prophetic demonism the sacred spell of Pushkin’s Pugachev—Oh how thoroughly is that classical book—magical How thoroughly—hypnotic for Pugachev all of him in spite of our reason and conscience is forced upon us by Pushkin—breathed into us we don’t want to but we see him; we don’t want to but we love him so much is that book like sleep like dreaming All Grinyov’s encounters with Pugachev are from that same region of his dream about the killing and loving peasant A dream prolonged and brought to life It is because of that perhaps that we do give ourselves over to Pugachev because it is a dream that is we are in the complete captivity and complete freedom of a dream The commandant Vasilisa Egorovna Shvabrin Catherine—all that is bright day and we reading remain of sane mind and memory But as soon as Pugachev enters the scene—all that is over it is black night Not the heroic commandant nor Vasilisa Egorovna who loves him nor Grinyov’s love affair no one and nothing can over come in us Pugachev Pushkin has brought Pugachev on usthe way you bring on sleep a fever a spell —but simply because conventional romance and sitcom like spousal comedy are boring while “a Russian rebellion senseless and merciless” is exciting That’s how prosaic I am; mystic lucubration on Russia’s Destiny is less important to me The first half of the novella in which the young officer Grinyov falls in love with Masha the eponymous daughter fights a duel with her former suitor and eludes the counsels of his manservant a C 3PO of fretful prudence is the snooze I remember; but once the revolt starts—oh yeah One minute you’re experiencing the genial torpor of garrison life listening to the captain and his wife bicker around the hearth and thinking man Gogol does this so much betterand the next villages are on fire prisoners swing from gibbets and you’re cowering at the boots of a rebel chieftain Pugachev gave a sign and I was instantly untied and set free 'Our father has pardoned you' they said In one very powerful scene Grinyov’s superiors at Fort Belogorsk capture a Bashkir they think is spying for Pugachev They start to torture him for information but stop chastened when they realize that the man had his tongue cut out as punishment for participation in a previous uprising “It’s plain to see you’re an old wolf who’s been in our traps” Readying myself for Tsvetaeva I should have also read Pushkin’s The History of the Pugachev Revolt the history he wrote a few years before The Captain’s Daughter as historiographer to the Czar with a key to the Imperial archives The contrast of Pushkin’s two Pugachevs—the historical personage and the fictional symbol; the low killer in the documents and the complex great hearted bandit in the fable—inspires Tsvetaeva’s usual brilliant reflections on documentary versus imaginative truth poetic “rightness” versus accuracy She knows that our need of mythic symmetry is as true as undeniable and inevitable as life’s inchoate sualor And I really respond to her obsession with the potency of symbols and fairy tales The Captain’s Daughter was considered a childrens' book at least in Tsvetaeva’s girlhood and she first read it at age 7 The Pugachev of The Captain’s Daughter is a source of sublime or childish terror fearsome but incapable of inflicting suffering In The Captain’s Daughter Pushkin the historiographer is vanuished by Pushkin the poet and the last word about Pugachev in us remains forever with the poetPushkin showed us the Pugachev of the Pugachev Revolt he infused us with Pugachev of The Captain’s Daughter And no matter how much we may have studied no matter how often we may have re read The History of the Pugachev Revolt as soon as the unknown thing looms black in the snowstorm of The Captain’s Daughter—we forget everything all our bad experiences with Pugachev and with history exactly the same as in love—all our bad experiences with loveFor the spell is older than experience For the tale is older than the record Older in the life of the earth’s sphere and older too in the life of a human beingthe infallible feeling of the poet forwell allright maybe not what was but what might have been What ought to have beenIt can be said that The Captain’s Daughter was being written within him simultaneously with The History of the Pugachev Revolt was co written with it that it grew out of every line of the latter outgrew every line was being written above the page formed an order above it an order a structure in itself freely and lawfully as a living refutation created here by the poet’s hand of the untruth of the facts—the work wrote itself“A deception that elevates us is dearer than a host of low facts”Tsvetaeva reworks TS Eliot's line mankind cannot bear much reality as if to say Russians cannot bear a Pugachev who tears out peoples' eyeballs or shoots children The fate of Kamitsky strangled and thrown into the Volga is the potential fate of Grinyov himself here is what would have happened to Grinyov if he had met up with Pugachev not in the pages of The Captain's Daughter but in the pages of The History of the Pugachev Revolt

  7. Scarlett Scarlett says:

    Finally Pushkin I am and convinced that Russian literature is where it's at I will continue to explore the wonders that have come from that mystical region that upon my word one day I shall visitAnyhow I've been meaning to get my hands into some Pushkin for a while but I was never lucky in terms of finding any books by him around where I live Yesterday I came across a street vendor who had this gem to sell and I jumped at the opportunity Today I devoured this beautiful novella in one sittingIt was totally engrossing from start to finish and I found it both extremely valuable in terms of the language and style employed in the main storyline concerning two lovers overcoming many obstacles to be together and the backdrop of Pugachev's Rebellion under Catherine the Great's rule in the X VIII century It is written in a way in which neither storyline becomes too overbearing and there is a perfect balance between the anecdotal and the historical writing Plus the ending is wonderfully satisfying The lack of fifth star is just because it felt too easy breezy at times and I like my 5 starers with a little substancePushkin you did not disappoint I'm looking forward to our next encounter

  8. ~Merrideth Hawk ~Filthy Fahrenheit Book Blog~ ~Merrideth Hawk ~Filthy Fahrenheit Book Blog~ says:

    Pushkin PeriodIt all resides in the lack thereofAs Sinyavsky perfectly noted Emptiness is Pushkin's content Without it he would not be full he would not be just as there is no fire without air no breathing in without breathing out

  9. Linous Linous says:

    Effortlessly readable a masterstroke in storytelling The Captain’s Daughter is a great work by PushkinIt's a love story surrounding historical events from Russia No need to say anything about the author who is already praised by many for his phenomenal work; especially his literary descendants like Destovesky and Tolstoy who are immensely influenced by himIn this novel the protagonist is a simple yet straight forward young man sent by his father for Army training wherein he falls in love with his Captain's Daughter Major part of the story revolves around the events to win his loveWill he get her or not? is the thrill of the second half of this novelGenerally person on the opposite fence is the enemy however the book challenges this enemy theoryA well crafted story with an appropriate dose of humour is what makes the novel a really great piece of work

  10. Peter Peter says:

    Pushkin is my Elvis This is an adventure story at heart but written with the style and uality you'd expect from Pushkin An interesting thing about the edition I have is that it's a 1960s Soviet Union copy so it has footnotes explaining why any passages that seem polite about royalty are actually not the real views of the author and must be guarded against

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *