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Вишнëвый сад ➹ [Download] ➵ Вишнëвый сад By Anton Chekhov ➼ – Thomashillier.co.uk Published to tie in with the world premiere at the Abbey Theatre DublinIn Chekhov's tragi comedy perhaps his most popular play the Gayev family is torn by powerful forces forces rooted deep in history Published to tie in with the world premiere at the Abbey Theatre DublinIn Chekhov's tragi comedy perhaps his most popular play the Gayev family is torn by powerful forces forces rooted deep in history and in the society around them Their estate is hopelessly in debt urged to cut down their beautiful cherry orchard and sell the land for holiday cottages they struggle to act decisively Tom Murphy's fine vernacular version allows us to re imagine the events of the play in the last days of Anglo Irish colonialism It gives this great play vivid new life within our own history and social consciousness.

  • Paperback
  • 96 pages
  • Вишнëвый сад
  • Anton Chekhov
  • English
  • 14 June 2014
  • 9780413774033

About the Author: Anton Chekhov

Антон Павлович Чехов was born in the small seaport of Taganrog southern Russia the son of a grocer Chekhov's grandfather was a serf who had bought his own freedom and that of his three sons in He also taught himself to read and write Yevgenia Morozova Chekhov's mother was the daughter of a cloth merchantWhen I think back on my childhood Chekhov recalled it all seems uite gloomy to me His early years were shadowed by his father's tyranny religious fanaticism and long nights in the store which was open from five in the morning till midnight He attended a school for Greek boys in Taganrog and Taganrog grammar school The family was forced to move to Moscow following his father's bankruptcy At the age of Chekhov became independent and remained for some time alone in his native town supporting himself through private tutoringIn Chekhov entered the Moscow University Medical School While in the school he began to publish hundreds of comic short stories to support himself and his mother sisters and brothers His publisher at this period was Nicholas Leikin owner of the St Petersburg journal Oskolki splinters His subjects were silly social situations marital problems farcical encounters between husbands wives mistresses and lovers whims of young women of whom Chekhov had not much knowledge – the author was shy with women even after his marriage His works appeared in St Petersburg daily papers Peterburskaia gazeta from and Novoe vremia from Chekhov's first novel Nenunzhaya pobeda set in Hungary parodied the novels of the popular Hungarian writer Mór Jókai As a politician Jókai was also mocked for his ideological optimism By Chekhov had gained a wide fame as a writer His second full length novel The Shooting Party was translated into English in Agatha Christie used its characters and atmosphere in her mystery novel The Murder of Roger Ackroyd Chekhov graduated in and practiced medicine until In Chekhov met HS Suvorin who invited him to become a regular contributor for the St Petersburg daily Novoe vremya His friendship with Suvorin ended in because of his objections to the anti Dreyfus campaingn conducted by paper But during these years Chechov developed his concept of the dispassionate non judgemental author He outlined his program in a letter to his brother Aleksandr Absence of lengthy verbiage of political social economic nature; total objectivity; truthful descriptions of persons and objects; extreme brevity; audacity and originality; flee the stereotype; compassionChekhov's first book of stories was a success and gradually he became a full time writer The author's refusal to join the ranks of social critics arose the wrath of liberal and radical intellitentsia and he was criticized for dealing with serious social and moral uestions but avoiding giving answers However he was defended by such leading writers as Leo Tolstoy and Nikolai Leskov I'm not a liberal or a conservative or a gradualist or a monk or an indifferentist I should like to be a free artist and that's all Chekhov said in The failure of his play The Wood Demon and problems with his novel made Chekhov to withdraw from literature for a period In he travelled across Siberia to remote prison island Sakhalin There he conducted a detailed census of some convicts and settlers condemned to live their lives on that harsh island Chekhov hoped to use the results of his research for his doctoral dissertation It is probable that hard conditions on the island also weakened his own physical condition From this journey was born his famous travel book T.



10 thoughts on “Вишнëвый сад

  1. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Вишнёвый сад Vishnevyi Sad The Cherry Orchard Anton ChekhovThe play concerns an aristocratic Russian landowner who returns to her family estate which includes a large and well known cherry orchard just before it is auctioned to pay the mortgage Unresponsive to offers to save the estate she allows its sale to the son of a former serf; the family leaves to the sound of the cherry orchard being cut down The story presents themes of cultural futility – both the futile attempts of the aristocracy to maintain its status and of the bourgeoisie to find meaning in its newfound materialismcitation needed It dramatises the socio economic forces in Russia at the turn of the 20th century including the rise of the middle class after the abolition of serfdom in the mid 19th century and the decline of the power of the aristocracyCharacters Anya Andreyevna Ranevskaya Varia fiica adoptiva a Ranevskaiei Gaev Leonid Andreevici fratele Ranevskaiei Lopahin Iermolai Alexeevici negustor Trofimov Piotr Sergheevici student Simeonov Piscik Boris Borisovici mosier Charlotta Ivanovna guvernanta Epihodov Simion Panteleevici contabil Duniasa fata in casa Firs lacheu Iasa tinar lacheu Lyubov Andreyevna Ranevskayaتاریخ نخستین خوانش ماه اکتبر سال 1973میلادیعنوان باغ‌ آل‍ب‍ال‍و ن‍م‍ای‍ش‍ن‍ام‍ه‌ در چ‍ه‍ار پ‍رده‌؛ نوش‍ت‍ه‌ آن‍ت‍ون‌ چ‍خ‍وف‌؛ مترجم بزرگ علوی؛ عنوان باغ‌ آل‍ب‍ال‍و ن‍م‍ای‍ش‍ن‍ام‍ه‌ در چ‍ه‍ار پ‍رده‌؛ نوش‍ت‍ه‌ آن‍ت‍ون‌ چ‍خ‍وف‌؛ مترجم سیم‍ی‍ن‌ دان‍ش‍ور؛ مشخصات نشر انتشارات نیل، 1347؛ در 94ص؛ چاپ دیگر شراره یوسفی؛ 1362، در 103ص؛ چاپ دیگر اصفهان، نشر اسپادانا، 1370، در 103ص؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، قطره، 1383؛ در 110ص؛ چاپ چهارم 1385؛ چاپ پنجم 1387؛ چاپ ششم 1388؛ شابک 9643412482؛ چاپ نهم 1391؛ شابک 9789643412487؛ چاپ دهم 1392؛ چاپ یازدهم 1393؛ موضوع نمایشنامه های نویسندگان روسیه سده 19معنوان باغ‌ آل‍ب‍ال‍و ن‍م‍ای‍ش‍ن‍ام‍ه‌ در چ‍ه‍ار پ‍رده‌؛ نوش‍ت‍ه‌ آن‍ت‍ون‌ چ‍خ‍وف‌؛ مترجم بهروز تورانی؛ تهران، فاریاب، 1362، در 91ص؛ ترجمه از برگردان انگلیسی کاتلین کوک؛عنوان باغ‌ آل‍ب‍ال‍و ن‍م‍ای‍ش‍ن‍ام‍ه‌ در چ‍ه‍ار پ‍رده‌؛ نوش‍ت‍ه‌ آن‍ت‍ون‌ چ‍خ‍وف‌؛ مترجم ناهید کاشیچی؛ تهران، جوانه توس، 1386، در 76ص؛ شابک 9789649552443؛ چاپ دوم 1387؛ چاپ سوم 1388؛ چاپ هفتم 1392؛ این نمایش‌نامه را مترجمان بزرگواری همچون خانمها و آقان «بزرگ علوی»، «سیمین دانشور»، «بهروز تورانی»، و «ناهید کاشیچی»، به فارسی برگردانده اند؛ نمایش‌نامه داستان یک زن اشراف‌زاده ی «روس»، و خانواده‌ ی اوست، که باغ آلبالوی خاطره‌ انگیزشان، در گرو بانک است، و چون خانواده درآمدی ندارند، قرار شده، باغ و ملکشان حراج شود؛ خانواده هیچکاری، برای نجات از ورشکستگی، و جلوگیری از فروش باغ، انجام نمی‌دهند، و در پایان، «باغ آلبالو» به یک دهقان‌زاده ی تازه به ثروت رسیده، فروخته می‌شود، و خانواده ی «رانوسکی»، باغ را ترک می‌کنند، در حالی‌که صدای تبری به گوش می‌رسد، که درخت‌های باغ را قطع می‌کند؛ ؛ خوانش «باغ آلبالو»، یادمانهای دوران کودکیم را برایم زنده کرد و ؛ تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 03061399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا شربیانی

  2. Kenny Kenny says:

    Life has gone by as if I never livedAnton Chekhov THE CHERRY ORCHARDI've read THE CHERRY ORCHARD many times but for the first time I had the realization that it was written by a man who knew he was dying The dying Chekhov realized he was part of a dying breed in a dying country And while he had no idea what lie ahead he knew change was coming to Mother Russia What matters in Chekhov’s last play and in Trevor Griffiths translation is way that chance affects our lives; the unpredictability of our lives In The Cherry Orchard such seeming insignificances dramatically occur as an inopportune remark about the weather; an errant stick with which Varya bashes Lopakhin on the head; many social blunders and the comedytragedy of humankind summons large on Chekhov’s canvass Additionally we discover grief over the death of a child and deep concerns over the fate of a family estate with its famous obsolete cherry orchard as well as varying objectives and ideologies over the need for money to exist Chekhov called his play a ‘theatre of mood with submerged life in the text’ The Cherry Orchard may have meaning today than it has since it was first premiered The destruction of the cherry orchard has less to do with the unhappy removal of something once cherished than the fact that it remaining is blocking progress on many levels Even Madame Ranevskaya lives entirely in the past and holds onto nothing in the present The play is also about the decline of one era and the unknown onset of another Much like the world we live in today

  3. Nataliya Nataliya says:

    For me Anton Chekhov has always been a bright star in Russian literature His short stories have always fascinated me witty clever both funny and sad with brilliant astute insights into human soul with all its pettiness and smallness and loveliness They were perhaps a bit too modern for the stuffy times he lived in He wrote many of the short humorous stories in his youth and in the tradition of serious Russian literature was heavily criticized for wasting his talent on such inconseuential things Serious literature can be a real buzzkill His plays however have not appealed much to me when I first read them years ago and so I decided being older and wiser to give them another go And I’m glad I did The Cherry Orchard is Chekhov’s last play written in 1903 a year before he died of illness at the age 44 Apparently he called it a comedy but it’s freuently interpreted as a tragedy with the result being a peculiar tragicomedy that still has a strangely timeless appeal “I’m leaving for Paris I will live there on the money that your grandmother from Yaroslavl sent to buy the estate long live your grandmother and this money won’t last me for long”¹ A wealthy widowed landowner Lyubov Ranevskaya returns to her ancestral estate after several years in France The estate and its magnificent cherry orchard are about to be sold to pay off debts it’s not cheap to lead the life of aristocracy and it adds up when you thoughtlessly throw your money away on stupid whims and Ranevskaya and her family clutch at the sentimental value in the orchard as a new practical rich merchant Lopakhin a son of a former serf proposes a valid economical solution of cutting the orchard down and how plebeian and vulgar renting out the plots of land for summer villas The estate gets sold the orchard is chopped down and a faithful servant to the aristocracy is left behind to die “If only my father and my grandfather could rise from their graves and see what is happening how their Ermolay beaten and barely literate Ermolay who used to go barefoot in winter how this Ermolay bought the most beautiful estate in the world I bought the estate where father and grandfather used to be slaves where they weren’t even allowed in the kitchens”¹ It’s bitterly comical without being overtly funny bordering on tragedy and farce at the same time When I read it in my teens I felt very sorry for the aristocratic family losing their treasured orchard while simultaneously feeling very annoyed and irritated by the whole frustrating lot of them Now it’s hard not to see the wonderful interplay between satire and poignancy humor and melancholy intense longing for beauty and stillness of human awkwardness People talk and soliloulize disorganized scatterbrained without ever actually listening to each other and they are pathetic and silly and lovely at the same time and it’s a tragicomedy indeedIt’s a story of decline of old aristocracy and emergence of a new middle class seemingly crass and less refined way of life The decline of the old way of life with its leisure and serenity that inherited wealth and “gentle” refined upbringing brought may seem sad but is also inevitable The parasitic existence of refined and cultivated nobility although beautiful and seductive runs smack into the middle of enterpreneual pragmatism of the new middle class and this clash and crash is that proverbial trainwreck that is both sad and funny to watch Side note Unlike many contemporary Russian writers Anton Chekhov did not come from aristocracy His grandfather was a serf who bought freedom for himself and his family Chekhov had to work for a living and trained to be a medical doctor But Chekhov does not take sides very much He really pokes fun at everybody The old clueless aristocracy completely unprepared to survive in the changing world decades after the serfs were freed used to effortlessly comfortable existence The “eternal student” full of grandiose well meaning ideas striking in his impracticality and naïveté “What she can’t get into her narrow mind is that we are above love To bypass the small and illusory things that prevent us from freedom and happiness that’s the goal and the meaning of our lives Forward We are unstoppably heading towards the bright star that is burning so far ahead Forward Keep up my friends”¹ The new vulgar class of servants with overinflated egos due to their self perceived importance by “association” with old ruling classes The new self made middle class whose practicality and pragmatism although obviously successful can easily seem crass in the face of the old aristocratic refinery and gloss The former serf now a devoted servant who is so unable to move on from the life he remembers and idolizes that he seems content to meekly lie down and die when abandoned by his masters They all are targets of his wit and satire and you the reader can make out whatever suits you out of this Lopakhin “You know I get up at five in the morning work all day always deal with money mine and others’ and I see how people are You just need to start doing anything and you’ll realize how few of honest honorable people there are Sometimes when I can’t sleep I think dear Lord you have us enormous forests unmeasurable fields deepest horizons and living here we should have been giants”Lyubov Andreevna “What do you need giants for? They are only fine in fairytales and otherwise are frightening”¹ Chekhov is really good at understanding people the good and bad and annoying in them the dangers and ridiculousness of mundane vulgarity banality and smallness of the soul and the casual cruelty we so easily and rudely throw at each other The people in his play are all a bit contemptible pathetic laughable and yet there’s something mesmerizing about this whole thingAnd also there IS a gun in the play but unlike the whole idea of the proverbial Chekhov’s gun it’s never fired It’s the axe to the trees instead and a sad little party while the orchard is being soldAnd then the Russian Revolution will rage through the land a decade and a half later taking Trofimov’s ideas uite a few steps further than intended putting an end to the new way of life that ended the aristocracy way of life and many orchards will meet the axe4 stars————————¹ As always translations from Russian are mine so they certainly may sound different from what you may have read

  4. Jason Jason says:

    It’s true what they say Chekhov’s got gunsThis is a great play about the decline of the Russian aristocracy its implications for the working class rising to fill the vacancies left by those cash stricken families and the complications propagated by these changes namely the social inadeuacies of those who get sucked into this newfound vacuumI read Three Sisters recently and while I did like the play it did not shake my maracas as much as I had hoped it would There are intertwining themes between the two plays and perhaps among Chekhov’s plays in general such as the emphasis placed on working—as both a route to happiness as well as a practical method by which to uantify one’s worth—but I think overall The Cherry Orchard has going on and has characters that are to me interestingTake Lubov Andreyevna for example Lubov is the matriarch of the high society family which is about to lose its beloved cherry orchard along with the rest of the estate too but they all seem to be concerned only with the pretty trees on account of a cash flow shortage that prevents them from paying their mortgage These solvency problems are reflected in the predicaments of other landowners in the play as well like those of Simeonov Pischin who is constantly seeking a loan Lubov has difficulty facing the gravity of the situation having lived all her life in general ease and comfort not having to work and assumes things will naturally work themselves out in her favor They do not by the way And yes there are tears and sadness but the tears are reigned in uickly and Lubov demonstrates some surprising resolve at her capacity to adaptThere are also other characters I liked Lopahkin is the former peasant who represents the “new money” in turn of the century Russia though he does not always know the best way to handle his fun status bump Fiers a servant of the older generation is at a complete loss to absorb the changes occurring around him while Yasha his young counterpart is almost embarrassing in his insolence clearly not knowing his place Fiers’s view or perhaps percipient in recognizing what is happening and putting his native chameleonic ualities to good useIn the end I empathized with most of the characters in this play feeling the acute twinges of pain in seeing the symbolic orchard meet its inevitable fate but it is a pain swiftly assuaged These characters reconcile themselves to their respective futures and do so stoically choosing to view the loss of the orchard not as an end per se but as merely a different bud from which their new lives will thenceforth germinate

  5. Brina Brina says:

    I have chosen to begin my 2018 reading year with a number of shorter yet significant reads I noticed that my 2017 began in a similar matter so I am noticing that I use January to ease into my reading for the year A suare on classics bingo is to read a classic play so I selected Anton Chekhov's The Cherry Orchard a play in four acts which wrote within a year of his death In this timeless and still often performed drama Chekhov details the dichotomy between Russian social classes on the dawn of the revolutionary era as he poignantly creates classic archetypesAlready a premier playwright with the success of The Three Sisters and The Seagull Chekhov was asked to write a comedic play to be performed during Moscow's 1903 theater season My version of the play contains excerpts of letters written by Chekhov to both his wife and the play's future director and producer In this correspondence he writes of the illness that would take his life within a year and also of his struggles to produce a comedy He wrote certain characters with specific actors and actresses in mind and aimed for a three act play that ended up being four In the end The Cherry Orchard his work about the potential sale of a summer estate resulted as a drama rather than the comedy that his producers had aimed for This moving piece may have had a few comedic moments but the play was hardly a light hearted storyMadame Ranevskaya has returned to Russia from Paris with her daughter Anya upon learning from her brother Leonid Gaev that their family estate needs to be sold as the family fortune has been used up and they have no rubles left to live on The estate holds both positive and sad memories for Ranevskaya as both her husband and son passed away there yet the cherry orchard on its property holds a place near and dear to her heart Ranevskaya would rather not sell her estate as it has been in the family for generations and both her family and the serfs who have lived on it known no other existence Yet Ranevskaya lives a rich woman's life either in Russia or abroad and her lifestyle can not maintain the upkeep of her family's home for the long term She desires to marry off her daughters Anya and Varya even though neither has expressed an interest in doing so in hopes that their marriages will decrease her expenditures allowing her to keep her estateAlthough Chekhov has created love interests for both Anya and Varya their futures are left to the reader's imaginations Perhaps in a modern retelling of the play the girls' futures are decided but in Chekhov's original that aspect of the play is left hanging Meanwhile a local merchant named Yermolai Alexeyevich Lopahin a former servant whose family has worked for the Ranevskaya family for generations desires to buy the estate for himself to keep it within the family His dream is to create a number of summer homes on the property in order to generate funds for the Ranevskayas so that they do not have to sell their heirloom to outsiders Yet Lopahin's plan comes with one caveat to chop down the cherry orchard which will always hold special memories for Madame Ranevskaya This tension between the serfs and upper classes epitomized in this sale of the estate lasts the duration of the play and plays out as the tragedy that Chekhov desired As a result I found the play to be heartfelt which would not have had this effect if Chekhov had indeed penned the comedy that his producer had originally demandedWith a week gone by in 2018 and many uality shorter reads behind me I am ready to move full steam into my reading year As I am a mood reader I still do not know where this year will take me but I have many potential memorable reads lined up Moving through the board for classics bingo is a good start and The Cherry Orchard has been a memorable play to read indeed I hope to revisit Chekhov's other plays in the future as they have been well received and performed countless times over the last century4 stars

  6. James James says:

    Book Review 4 out of 5 stars to The Cherry Orchard a tragedy and comedy all rolled into one published in 1904 by a great Russian Anton Chekhov I'd heard of this play during my high school years but never actually read it In college I had a course in modern drama and theatre where this was one of the 16 plays we read 1 per week for the 4 month course Our school also performed a theatrical version a later semester where I participated in some backstage work We also did a video and literary analytical comparison I know the play well Commentary on society Discussion of values Choices Understanding what you will give up for what you need to have The themes in this one are so large it's often hard to discuss them without getting animated Additionally The Cherry Orchard was the piece that I did my technical and textual analysis on so I had strong opinions and theories about the characters and the action When I saw the video I was a bit shocked at some things but I also realized that many things were done in the way that I would have done them The whole discussionargument about the play being a comedy or a tragedy is one that comes to mind I thought while reading the piece that it was mostly a tragedy The Ranevskys were losing their estate and cherry orchard I had sympathy and pity for them Then I thought about how it was played in the video and what the narrator had to say I also recalled the action in the play and realized that the action is external and therefore it depends on the way that characters are played by the actors It was the acting at least for me which showed the tragic side of the play in the video When Lopakhin is announcing at the end that he is now the owner of the estate and the orchard the staging and directing was brilliant The entire stage was silent and the characters all stood around Lopakhin The orchestra was playing a little bit also and Lopakhin began his speech He was somewhat hysterical but also vindicated Watching this scene is what convinced me that the play was tragic than comic The actress who played Madame Ranevsky was a great actress When she broke down about losing the estate with her brother Gayev there were tragic tones to the play It was hard to decide exactly how I felt about the piece because there were the interruptions to let the narrator talk for awhile Overall I liked the version because it appeared very classic By classic I mean in the lines and the dark colors I wish that I saw the actual orchard I felt a little deprived because the orchard was the focus of the piece There were parts that were left out also that I wish I could have seen acted In my opinion the entire play should have been put on and then afterwards the narrator should have commented on it They could have held flashbacks and then remind us of specific scenes that were played in a certain way etc The end was good when Firs was left alone I like that part He was on the couch and I wondered what was going to happen When I read the play I thought that he was going to die but I was unsure about his character in the film There was a lot of discussion about the sounds of the piercing harp string and the axe at the end when the orchard was being cut down This discussion was very interesting because it helped me to understand the importance of the sounds before I gave my textual analysis About Me For those new to me or my reviews here's the scoop I read A LOT I write A LOT And now I blog A LOT First the book review goes on Goodreads and then I send it on over to my WordPress blog at where you'll also find TV Film reviews the revealing and introspective 365 Daily Challenge and lots of blogging about places I've visited all over the world And you can find all my social media profiles to get the details on the whowhatwhenwhere and my pictures Leave a comment and let me know what you think Vote in the poll and ratings Thanks for stopping by

  7. Duane Duane says:

    Chekhov described The Cherry Orchard as a comedy but as a reader it's hard to view it in any way other than a tragedy It's another work of literature that depicts the declining Russian aristocracy which would end 13 years later with the Russian Revolution and made permanent in 1918 with the murder of the Royal FamilyThe play opened in theater to great success in Jan 1904 but Chekhov would die 6 months later at the age of 44 cutting short a life and career that would leave us with some of the best plays and short stories ever written

  8. Lyn Lyn says:

    Checkov's Cherry Orchard delves into themes and ideas of cultural futility amidst political and cultural changeFirst produced in 1904 Checkov is documenting the in between time between the dying aristocracy of the past and the post industrial age of the future and though he is not uite an apologist for the old times he is inclined to lament the way things are going Yet the change is inevitable as beautifully symbolized by the portrait crashing own on the man A brilliant study of the contrast between old and new Russia

  9. Florencia Florencia says:

    This play was an enjoyable read for me It is about a once aristocratic family now impoverished and forced to sell everything including their beautiful cherry orchard that seemed to be the main thing they cared about the reason of their pride Even though they were about to lose everything they owned they were in some sort of denial because they didn't or couldn't do anything to solve that situation And while this family was in decline a new kind of rich people arose the once serfs were making their own money and gaining their place in society “New money” like Rose DeWitt's stuck up mother would say Rich people in decline trying to save their social position can be really unpleasant They are willing to do anything to maintain their status However this family just stayed there doing nothing Some friends gave them possible solutions for their problem and they did nothingThe characters are likable each one in their own way The main one is Lyubov a widowed landowner that also lost a son She's a mixture of different kind of emotions and apparently unwilling to let go the past something I can relate to very much Her brother Leonid adds a comedy element that I always enjoy This play can be funny witty and also heartbreaking It has several things to consider that makes it an interesting book to readNov 25 13 Also on my blog

  10. Beata Beata says:

    Chekhov masterfully presents the social and economic changes which affected Russian landed gentry after the abolition of serfdom in the 1860s

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