Жизнь и судьба ePUB ↠ Жизнь и

  • Paperback
  • 864 pages
  • Жизнь и судьба
  • Vasily Grossman
  • English
  • 12 August 2015
  • 9780099506164

10 thoughts on “Жизнь и судьба

  1. Michael Michael says:

    I have to use the “M” word for this panoramic portrayal of the Soviet experience of World War 2—masterpiece I was moved and uplifted enlightened and devastated and ultimately made into a better person wit empathy and understanding of the human condition This is an insider’s view as is made clear by the wonderful background provided by the translator Robert Chandler Grossman was a Ukrainian Jew who studied chemistry in his youth became a novelist with the support of Gorky and with the advent of war became a renowned war correspondent who covered Stalingrad and the fall of Berlin and who pieced together for the first time in print the hidden story of the operations of a German death camp Treblinka This book was completed in 1960 but the manuscript was seized and suppressed by the KGB Fortunately a copy was smuggled out a decade later through the efforts of Sakharov and Voinovitch and reached print in the West in the early 80sThe novel is very ambitious in portraying seminal events from a range of perspectives from peasants to scientists from partisans to generals with brief forays into viewpoint of German soldiers as well What helps with integration across its broad scope is that most of the stories are confined to the Winter of 1942 43 during which the Battle of Stalingrad became the turning point in the war Also in the tradition of “War and Peace” which I haven’t read the narrative places various members of one large extended family at the core of most of the scenarios used to bring to life a nation and a society at war the elderly Shaposhnikova matriarch stuck in Ukraine at the onset of war ends up confined by the Germans in a Jewish ghetto that is later massacred; her son Viktor a Jewish theoretical physicist who is driven by pure science and tested in his integrity by politics; his wife’s ex husband who is placed in a Soviet work camp among Trotsky style Bolsheviks purged in 1937; his sister in law who is torn between her ex husband and her fiancé the first a party true believer who serves as a political officer in Stalingrad and is later falsely accused and imprisoned in Moscow as a traitor and the latter a colonel of a tank brigade who leads the Soviet counterstrike at Stalingrad; Viktor’s sister a Moscow physician caught while traveling bravely experiences a trip by cattle car to meet her fate in a gas chamber There is a pervasive tender compassion for all but not for the true enemies the totalitarian states of Hitler and Stalin which Grossman shows to be mirrored twins in so many ways Grossman’s compassion comes from wanting to give voice to the dead such as his own mother who was killed with about 30000 other Jews in Bedichev in Ukraine and to whom the book is dedicated Like others writers who have borne witness to the Holocaust he is concerned with how it affects our conception of what it means to be human and the nature of good and evil How so many held on forlornly to hope and passively obeyed How millions could ignore what was happening and let people be led like lambs to the slaughter And how others rebelled and resisted in small ways or at great risk to themselves Grossman breaks through from the narrative to speak of these things but mostly he brings these themes to life through his characters and in both approaches uses transcendent language full of sublime or horrific beautyReading this book takes a special commitment not just of the investment of time it takes to read such a massive tome but also in emotional trust that it will not just wrench you pitilessly and leave you like a rag in despair Grossman somehow achieves the miracle of infusing hope at every turn in a way that transcends death For example there is a point where a poet in a work camp expounds on how simple human kindness such as sharing a scrap of bread with an enemy is a core of humanity that persists despite all brutality and despair In this uote Viktor’s mother speaks elouently of resilient hope in a letter to him from a doomed Jewish ghetto The sorrow there is in man the less hope he has of survival—the better the kinder the generous he becomesThe poorest people the tailors and tinsmiths the ones without hope are so much nobler generous and intelligent than the people who’ve somehow managed to lay by a few provisions The young schoolmistresses; Spilberg the eccentric old teacher and chess player; the timid women who work in the library; Reyvich the engineer who’s helpless than a child yet dreams of arming the ghetto with hand made grenades—what wonderful impractical dear sad good people they all are People carry on Vitra as though their whole life lies ahead of them It’s impossible to say if that is wise or foolish—it’s just the way people areThe woman doctor in her last moments is here uplifted by communion with a boy she helped on the cattle car to the gas chamber Her eyes—which have read Homer Izvestia Huckleberry Finn and Mayne Reid that had looked at good people and bad people that had seen the geese in the green meadows of Kursk the stars above the observatory at Pulkovo the glitter of surgical steel the Mona Lisa in the Louvre tomatoes and turnips in the bins at market the blue water of Issyk Kul—her eyes were no longer of any use to her If someone had blinded her she would have felt no sense of lossSofya Levinton felt the boy’s body subside in her arms This boy with his slight bird like body has left before her “I’ve become a mother” she thought That was her last thoughtHer heart however still had life in it it contracted ached and felt pity for all of you both living and dead; Sofya Osipovna felt a wave of nausea She pressed David now a doll to herself; she became dead a dollThe political commissar in the besieged tractor factory at Stalingrad is suddenly uplifted by music in a pause in the fighting Somehow the music seemed to have helped him understand time Time is a transparent medium People and cities rise out of it move through it and disappear back into it It is time that brings them and time that takes them away Such is time everything passes it alone remains; everything remains it alone passes And how swiftly and noiselessly it passes Only yesterday you were sure of yourself strong and cheerful a son of the time But now another time has come—and you don’t even know itIn yesterday’s fighting time has been torn to shreds; now it emerged again from the plywood fiddle belonging to Rubunchik the barber This fiddle told some that their time had come and others that their time had passed‘I’m finished’ Krymov said to himself ‘Finished’ Suddenly Krymov remembered one summer night the large dark eyes of a Cossack girl and her hot whisper Yes in spite of everything life was goodThe fiddler stopped and a uiet murmur became audible the sound of the water flowing by under the wooden duckboards It seemed to Krymov that his soul was indeed a well that had been dry and empty; but now it was gently filling with waterI end this excessively long review with samples of the many kernels of truth that help make the journey of this book worthwhile Having established man’s readiness to obey when confronted with limitless violence we must go on to draw one further conclusion that is of importance for an understanding of man and his future Does human nature overcome a true change in the cauldron of totalitarian violence? Does man lose his innate yearning for freedom? The fate of both man and the totalitarian State depends on the answer to this uestion If human nature does change then the eternal and world wide triumph of the dictatorial State is assured; if his yearning for freedom remains constant then the totalitarian State is doomedFrom examples over history of individual and group defiance of these destructive forces Grossman finds that All these bear witness to the indestructability of man’s yearning for freedom The yearning was suppressed but it continues to exist Man’s fate may make him a slave but his nature remains unchangedMan’s innate yearning for freedom can be suppressed but never destroyed Totalitarianism cannot renounce violence If it does it perishes eternal ceaseless violence overt or covert is the basis of totalitarianism Man does not renounce freedom voluntarily This conclusion holds out hope for our time hope for our futureIn the words of a poet in a Soviet work camp I find sustenance in Grossman’s vision of the eternal in individual consciousness When a person dies they cross over from the realm of freedom to the realm of slavery What constitutes the freedom the soul of an individual life is its uniueness The reflection of the universe in someone’s consciousness is the foundation of his or her power but life only becomes happiness is only endowed with freedom and meaning when someone exists as a whole world that has never been repeated in all eternity Only then can they experience the joy of freedom and kindness finding in others what they have already found in themselves

  2. WILLIAM2 WILLIAM2 says:

    When I first learned that Vasily Grossman's model for this novel was War and Peace I thought he was setting his sights astronomically not to say unattainably high There are huge differences between the two books of course Remember Tolstoy's lovely modulated long sentences? Grossman doesn't even try to compete on that level By contrast his language tends toward the so called Soviet realism of the day This was a style in which many of the Party hacks also wrote The difference between those scribblers and Grossman is the fact that he told the truth Nor is there anything in Life and Fate to compare with Tolstoy's fantastic scenes of the nobility There's no crystal or caviar no six horse barouches no perfumed décolletage no placid landscapes and of course no character even remotely like Field Marshal Kutuzov who when he hears of the retreating French mutters to himself I shall make them eat horse meat Late in Life and Fate however when the Germans encircled at Stalingrad were hacking away at a frozen horse this reader could think of nothing elseThis is the first book I've read that has given me a sense of how World War II affected the whole of the USSR It's all here the Battle for Stalingrad the Siege of Leningrad the evacuation of Moscow and other major cities life in the country the miserable rationing system the sheer sense of deprivation The canvas is huge but Grossman who can describe entire crowds in a brief paragraph never pulls focus so far back that the individual is lost This approach the only one possible seems a refutation of the Communist raison d'être itself One is reminded why so much of the Communist Party agitprop failed It was not only because it was horribly written though in the West even poorly written pulp novels are to a certain extent readable see Philip K Dick et al no it was because agitprop ignored the individual who when he or she did appear was rendered meaningful only to the extent that he or she supported the group It goes without saying of course that novels are dependent on characters not crowds Grossman's narrative consists of the following interlarded story lines involving a single extended family the Shaposhnikovs What I will provide here is just the barest outline First there's physicist Viktor Pavlovich Shtrum married to the shrill Lyudmila Nikolaevna Viktor a great theoretical genius and a Jew undergoes a crisis of conscience How can he possibly support his criminal genocidal state? The crisis all but tears him to pieces He's also in love with a colleague's wife so there's ample heartbreak Second is the story of the Battle for Stalingrad before and after the German capitulation Here one Krymov a political commissar and as such like his fellows a perpetual thorn in the side of army officers discovers that no amount of blind alliegiance will ever protect him from the capricious and paranoid hand of Beria's state security apparatus It's a miracle Stalingrad was won Thank God for Lend Lease A third story line deals with the remnant of Red Army soldiers who have remained alive in Nazi death camps after the first terrible year of the war during which three million were captured and killed Fourth is the story of Abarchuk Lyudmila's first husband and his life in the Gulag Even Solzhenitzyn's Gulag Archipelago did not prepare me for the drama here Fifth we have the story of the indecisive Yevgenia Nikolaevna and the harm she causes while vacillating between two men Krymov the husband she's left and her new love Novikov commander of a tank battalion and one of the heroes of Stalingrad There's much of course No summary can do even provisional justice to this 900 pagerGrossman's style is deceptively flat Look at how concisely he describes an entire barrack's full of people one at a time It's masterful Or the way he evokes the moods of the Volga and the apocalyptic cityscape of Stalingrad What was especially interesting to me was how adroitly he switched from one subplot to another while sustaining interest If he has a tendency toward the occassional purplish passage and a penchant for pseudo philosophical musings he makes up for it with the overarching thrust of his narrative Grossman transcends his model I've never read anything like it Recommended with brio

  3. Ahmad Sharabiani Ahmad Sharabiani says:

    Жизнь и судьба Zhizn i sadba Life and Fate a novel‬ Stalingrad #2 Vasily GrossmanLife and Fate is a 1960 novel by Vasily Grossman and is seen as the author's magnum opus Technically it is the second half of the author's conceived two part book under the same title Although the first half the novel For a Just Cause written during the rule of Joseph Stalin and first published in 1952 expresses loyalty to the regime Life and Fate sharply criticizes Stalinismتاریخ نخستین خوانش روز چهارم ماه اکتبر سال 1999 میلادیعنوان زندگی و سرنوشت؛ نویسنده واسیلی گروسمن؛ مترجم سروش حبیبی؛ ویراستار سرز استپانیان؛ تهران، سروش، 1377؛ در 919 ص؛ شابک 9644353102؛ چاپ دیگر تهران، نیلوفر، 1386؛ شابک 9789644483660؛ برگردان از متن انگلیسی؛ موضوع داستانهای نویسندگان روسیه سده 20 مواسیلی گروسمن، در آغاز حمله ی آرتش آلمان نازی به روسیه، در سال 1941 میلادی، به عنوان خبرنگار جنگی، در نبرد حضور داشتند ایشان در حمله ی نازی‌ها مادر نازنین خویش را از دست دادند، و پس از پایان جنگ نیز، همین پژوهش خود را آغاز کردند «گروسمن» پس از پایان پژوهش خویش، اعلام کرده که «استالین دیکتاتور شوروی» چیزی از «هیتلر رهبر آلمان نازی» کم ندارد وی برای اعلام این نظریه ی خویش، همین رمان «زندگی و سرنوشت» را به رشته تحریر درآوردند، که یادگار خواهد ماند ا شربیانی

  4. Jan-Maat Jan-Maat says:

    A confession in three parts I Well I was completely wrong about this book and I am pleased to admit it To nuance that if I was going to give it a Goodreads star rating it would be two star maybe two and a half or 247I was even so unwise to tell a very dear friend that in my opinion it was no than a 20th century rewrite of War and Peace which it is but importantly it emphatically is notI had also imagined that it was about the battle of Stalingrad reading I see that really it is about anti Semitism actually the issue of being Jewish in modern totalitarian states in which number I include on the grounds of laziness the so called nation states which have admittedly increasingly only implicit notions of exclusivity Part 2 chapter 31 treats anti Semitism in detail but it is present throughout in a range of forms notably none of the Jewish characters seem to be observant nor Yiddish speaking while people who use Ukrainian words are pointed out but don't experience prejudiceIt is also an explosively anti soviet book which was banned because it hurt the Soviet regime where it really hurt ie in the Party's claim to have played a guiding role in achieving victory in WWII here even the 'fighting commissars' are just another level of privileged people confusing the command structure and telling tales on the serious soldiers who want to fight effectively and efficiently without massive casualties I now see that Solzhenitsyn was by contrast with Grossman merely a literary Donald Trump or Nigel Farage an exemplar of the politics of the whinging of the relatively privileged citizenIt is rather journalistic less a novel than a series of reports with reoccurring characters and themes but do I imagine that it will live with me like War and Peace no not for an instant and yet it emphatically is not War and Peace and so will find its own place II Let me drain the glass and roll up my sleeves I don't know And specifically I don't know what kind of achievement Life and Fate is Firstly a very basic problem if you grab a copy and hold it before you it's ok take your time I am not going anywhere what you have is not what the author intended Grossman died in 1964 The MSS down to his typewriter ribbons had been taken from him by the KGB in 1960 and it remains with them and now I guess lays in some FSB storage facility however somehow two MSes emerged and were microfilmed these microfilms were smuggled out of the USSR and constructed into a text published in 1980 This reconstruction has been translated in my edition missing sections are marked with an ellipses How complete the version current available is or how far or close it is to the author's vision we can not know what we have represents a work in progress interrupted IIa I confess I read War and Peace first and that this was and was not a mistake It is hard to come across opinion of Life and Fate which does not refer to War and Peace this is understandable and unhelpful I a miserable sinner carried my memories of War and Peace into my reading of this and it was a glass of vinegar poured into my jug of milk WP is a tight family saga over a long period of time it has the implicit message that we have to understand people in the context of the spirit of their times plus the effects of the times they live through the people of 1805 are different in 1825 in response to what has happened to them in those twenty years LF begins in media res like an epic It follows an awful lot of people over a short period of time most of their stories are not given any kind of closure or conclusion Sometimes characters are introduced only to die abruptly or after an interval sometimes after several hundred pages a connection emerges between a couple of characters in separate locations One might say it is rather like the Iliad If like me you set to reading LF imagining it to be as I wrongly thought a WWII 20th century WP the effect is disconcerting one is overlaying Tolstoyian expectations on a writer who was attempting to tell a different kind of storyWhile Tolstoy tells the story of the growth Russian chauvinism as a good thing Grossman sees this differently again the war is transformative but he sees the death of Internationalism and tolerance for diversity within the Soviet Union as a narrow and exclusive Russian nationalism comes to the fore in which Russian come first for promotions and non Russians are objects of suspicion and assumed to be unworthy Tolstoy was never interested in tolerance in WP but Grossman writes himself close to the centre of the 20th century experience exclusive forms of identity uickly become exclusionary and given to persecute minorities the purist example of this is Fascist Germany the opposite extreme would be the tolerance of Chekhovian Democracy but this hasn't existed anywhere so far view spoiler I guess there are some people who may not have heard yet how WWII turns out and would prefer not to have the ending spoiledview spoiler There's an irony for Grossman in the Soviet Union delivering the killing blow to Fascism as people celebrate to the north of the now liberated Stalingrad Grossman tells us that ten years later forced labourers will complete work on a dam at that spot a touch which reminded me pleasantly of The Leopard hide spoiler

  5. Paul Paul says:

    A monumental novel in the Great Russian tradition which has been rightly compared with War and Peace It focuses on the Battle of Stalingrad but covers a Science Institute various prison camps and a concentration camp The list of characters is vast and the dramatis personae in my edition was well used Grossman was a journalist who covered the Battle of Stalingrad from the front line and his experience shows However this is like War and Peace very much not just a war novel Its scope is broad and it provides a penetrating analysis of the Soviet system and Stalinism in particular As you would expect the plot is interwoven with numerous themes Grossman was a Jew and Jewish identity is explored through one of the main characters the scientist Victor Shtrum The description of the gas chamber is a very powerful piece of writing focussing as it does on a child and an unrelated woman who provides comfort“Her eyes—which have read Homer Izvestia Huckleberry Finn and Mayne Reid that had looked at good people and bad people that had seen the geese in the green meadows of Kursk the stars above the observatory at Pulkovo the glitter of surgical steel the Mona Lisa in the Louvre tomatoes and turnips in the bins at market the blue water of Issyk Kul—her eyes were no longer of any use to her If someone had blinded her she would have felt no sense of lossSofya Levinton felt the boy’s body subside in her arms This boy with his slight bird like body has left before her “I’ve become a mother” she thought That was her last thoughtHer heart however still had life in it it contracted ached and felt pity for all of you both living and dead; Sofya Osipovna felt a wave of nausea She pressed David now a doll to herself; she became dead a doll”Grossman despite the horrors he describes clearly still believes in the fundamental goodness of humanity One of the main focuses of the book is the criticism of Stalinism the sheer pointless stupidity of a totalitarian regime A number of the characters in the novel are old Bolsheviks who are struggling to come to terms with Stalin’s regime and especially with the mass arrests of 1937 We see a number of them in camps and prisons trying to create some meaning in their situation The comparisons with War and Peace have some limitations Tolstoy was looking back; Grossman was actually there and his journalistic training shines through He is able to compare the regimes of Hitler and Stalin and note the similarities This is a great novel which takes you along with its sheer power and the magnificence of the writing The canvas may sometimes be like a Breughel but Grossman’s writing is suffused with optimism about humanity despite it all

  6. Ted Ted says:

    4 12Grossman stands in the tradition of the Russian novelists of the nineteenth century His characters like Dostoevsky's engage in great philosophical debates; and the structure of Life and Fate is loosely based on that of Tolstoy's War and Peace Ideologically however the model to which Grossman admitted to feeling closest was Chekhov who brought into Russian literature a new kind of humanism based on the ideas of freedom and loving kindness Tzvetan TodorovGrossman during the Second Word War a war correspondent for Krasnaya ZvezdaThe translator Robert Chandler has contributed a useful Introduction going through biographical info on Grossman 1905 1964 critical judgements of the book and Grossman's writings in general and the history of the writing and suppressed publication of the novel Grossman had delivered the novel to officials in 1960 clearly believing it could be published Apparently it was read by several higher ups some of whom thought it was very good – but ultimately judged by one that it could only be published perhaps in two or three hundred years It was considered subversive enough that everything the authorities could get their hands one was confiscated right down to the writer's typewriter ribbon It was not published at all until 1980 in the West using microfilm of the entire novel that had been smuggled out of the Soviet Union; and was finally published in Russia in 1988It's sometimes called Stalingrad #2 but that's certainly not any indication that #1 needs to be read first I'd never heard of #1 For a Just Cause until reading about it in Chandler's introduction where he writes that Life and Fateis better seen as a separate novel that includes many of the same characters It is important not only as literature but also as history; we have no complete picture of Stalinist Russia The power of other dissident writers – Shalamov Solzhenitsyn Nadezhda Mandelstam – derives from their position as outsiders; Grossman's power derives at least in part from his intimate knowledge of every level of Soviet society In Life and Fate Grossman achieves what many other Soviet writers struggled but failed to achieve a portrait of an entire ageThe novel consists of three parts each composed of 60 70 fairly shorts chapters One or chapters comprise what might be termed a single scene – though some scenes can be found which run in non consecutive chapters Scenes defined in this way are set in a German concentration camp a Russian labor camp a journey to the gas chamber the Lubyanka prison a German fighter suadron a Russian tank corps and several locations in StalingradThe story is built around the Shaposhnikov family and their acuaintances and takes place mostly during the Second World War conflagration between Germany and Russia There are some historical figures in the novel but aside from Stalin and Hitler they are all officers in one army or the other When these appear Grossman is obviously presenting a historical scene meant to be reasonably accurate – when fictional characters touch the outskirts of these scenes we move into obviously historical fiction much as Tolstoy's War and Peace is constructed Like Tolstoy Grossman fashions scenes in Life and Fate which carry the narrative along from the perspective of the enemy German point of view A very long book but I found it a comparatively fast read The third person narrative which I found a bit dry in places uses uite a bit of dialogue both normal and inner dialogue thoughts of the characters If you have any interest in the Eastern Front particularly in the Battle of Stalingrad or a story of the Stalin era this is a Russian novel you might like Previous review Ancestral Passions The Leakey Family and the uest for Humankind's BeginningsRandom review The Marriage of Cadmus and HarmonyNext review The Open Society and Its EnemiesPrevious library review Complete Poems Anna AkhmatovaNext library review August 1914

  7. Szplug Szplug says:

    When you consider the steps that had to be taken to smuggle this novel out of the Soviet Union painstakingly photographed page by page on microfilm you cannot but marvel at the determination and effort made by believers in the power of the written word to bring such important stories to light This epic novel is along with Victor Serge's stunning masterwork Unforgiving Years the best fictional depiction I've read of the barbaric inhumanity of the Soviet experience in the Second World War and the tests of faith suffered by ardent communists as the horrifying truth that their fatherland was become a despotic police state became and unavoidable What inner agonies must Grossman and Serge have endured going to their graves believing that these works of art which they had sweated blood in wringing forth from the shopworn and suppurating experiences inflicted upon them by endless violence strife and war in relatively brief lives were destined to have an audience of but a handful of loyal friends; or in Grossman's case of arrogantly presumptive party apparatchiks and a cultural minister who inflicted further wounds upon the author's sorely tried soul by announcing that it would never see the light of publication ere two hundred years had passed and it could no longer be deemed harmful to the cause of the glorious state Life and Fate is a vast sprawling and impassioned novel that is centered around the final months of the Battle of Stalingrad the pivotal turning point for Communist Russia in the Second World War This is a kaleidoscopic novel focusing on the lives of a number of interrelated families and individuals scattered from Moscow to the cold empty deserts of the Kalmyk steppes Grossman who was a war reporter at the Stalingrad front during the war brings a piercing realism to his depictions of the courage tenacity and camaraderie of the Russian soldiers defending the burnt out husk of a city and the despair and suffering of those under both the Nazi and Bolshevik lash Indeed the book's principal goal is to show how individuals are broken and life made unbearable under the crushing weight of the totalitarian state Grossman masterfully depicts the treacheries and petty competitions amongst the nomenklatura in an effort to show their devotion to Stalin and their eagerness to denounce others to win an ephemeral favor We are given glimpses inside the articulated hell of concentration camps and gulags; made melancholy observers of the final bestial march of a band of doomed Jews from cattle cars to charnel house showers; and we make the long and heartrending journey down the bitterly cold indifferent Volga with a grieving mother enduring all manner of discomfort and danger to find her severely wounded sonThere are flaws in this sprawling story interesting storylines and characters introduced early on are abandoned; there is a flatness almost a journalistic feel perhaps intentional to certain episodes and personalities; and sidebars with some of the Russian soldiers feel tacked on Nevertheless these are minor uibbles and the central pivot of the novel the travails and Jewish based ostracism of the nuclear physicist Viktor Shtrum is a brilliantly delineated narrative of the soul crushing effects of a Soviet purge We suirm as Viktor oscillates between a desire to vigorously defend himself from a baseless hostility and a resignation to meekly beg for forgiveness for his manufactured crime A vital novel for fans of Soviet literature and those who seek a clearer understanding of the brutality of life in wartime Russia

  8. Maru Kun Maru Kun says:

    The past as they say is a foreign country and also a literate oneThe USSR in the first half of the twentieth century was a place where a father would worry about which poets were read by his daughter’s boyfriend a place where you might still love someone despite their inability to distinguish Balzac from Flaubert and where a soldier on the front line of one of the most dreadful military conflicts in history would complain that their comrade in arms did not properly understand ChekovThe USSR at that time was also a place where the individual’s relation to the State was at its most complex and paradoxical At the same time that the State was organizing one of the greatest collective endeavors in history the defeat of Fascism it was also interrogating the history family life and motivations of each and every individual engaged in that endeavor Every relationship officer to commissar husband to wife parent to child between friends between colleagues between lovers was colored by fear of informers fear of compromise fear of arrestGrossman expertly describes life in the USSR at that time and incorporates its paradoxes into this novel of the Russian victory at Stalingrad His is a voice of real authenticity The events depicted and internal hopes and fears of the characters are entirely consistent with descriptions of life in the USSR from “The Gulag Archipelago” or from histories of the Eastern Front in WW2 You can only believe that Grossman himself experienced many of the things he describes“Life and Fate” is about two types of human freedom I was expecting to read about the battle between Russian and German armies over the physical freedom from occupation of Stalingrad Until I read the work I had not appreciated it was eually about the struggle for psychological freedom under an oppressive totalitarian State The battle for this freedom of the self illustrated by the story of a Russian professor of physics who is fearful of arrest is gripping than the military battle having twists and turns and a far less certain outcome I don’t want to give too much of the story away so would only say that this psychological battle is swayed by an extraordinarily powerful weapon whose intervention on the front line I never expectedUndoubtedly a long book but fascinating and easy to read Essential for anyone with an interest in the Russian history of the twentieth century

  9. Michael Michael says:

    Both epic in scope and intimate in detail this powerhouse novel had me riveted from the very beginning The prose style is spare yet luminous Many have mentioned Chekhov as model for the writing style and that feels right to me There are some truly haunting scenes in this book But it's the constant juxtaposition of the tragic and the comic the grand and the banal that gives this novel its true heft

  10. Anastasia Fitzgerald-Beaumont Anastasia Fitzgerald-Beaumont says:

    What an astonishing book Life and Fate is; what an astonishing man Vasily Grossman must have been I’ve already written a partial assessment of this literary masterpiece on my Ana the Imp blog a post I headed The Grand Inuisitor which focused on the contents of a single chapter one I had just finished one that literally winded me both intellectually and emotionally Well now I’ve finished the whole novel and it captivated me from beginning to end; captivated me with its intensity its range its breadth and depth of vision; captivated me with it’s simple humanity I’ve heard other novels likened to Tolstoy’s War and Peace most recently The Kindly Ones by Jonathan Littell a grossly overrated and at points unbelievably dull book But Life and Fate with no exaggeration at all can truly be said to stand in the same literary pantheon as Tolstoy’s panorama; that Grossman found the voice of the Great Patriotic War as Tolstoy found that of the Patriotic War It’s the kind of novel that I believe only comes once in a generation perhaps once in a century I’m not surprised that it was ‘arrested’ because I do not thank I’ve ever read a damning expose of the moral corruption at the core of the Stalinist state at the core of all totalitarianism Grossman was right absolute truth is the most beautiful thing of all And absolute truth was the one thing the whole Soviet system even after Stalin could never allow never admit I’m truly grateful that the attempt to suppress this wonderful book was a failure I love Russian literature and this is a uniuely Russian book But Life and Fate is ; it’s a work of insight empathy and understanding one that transcends all limits all boundaries and all nationalities

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Жизнь и судьба[PDF / Epub] ★ Жизнь и судьба ✈ Vasily Grossman – Thomashillier.co.uk Life and Fate is an epic tale of a country told through the fate of a single family the Shaposhnikovs As the battle of Stalingrad looms Grossman's characters must work out their destinies in a world t Life and Fate is an epic tale of a country told through the fate of a single family the Shaposhnikovs As the battle of Stalingrad looms Grossman's characters must work out their destinies in a world torn apart by ideological tyranny and war Completed in and then confiscated by the KGB this sweeping panorama of Soviet society remained unpublished until it was smuggled into the West in where it was hailed as a masterpiece Librarian's Жизнь и eBook È Note This is an alternative cover edition of ISBN .

About the Author: Vasily Grossman

Born Iosif Solomonovich Grossman into an emancipated Jewish family he did not receive a traditional Jewish education A Russian nanny turned his name Yossya into Russian Vasya a diminutive of Vasily which was accepted by the whole family His father had social democratic convictions and joined the Mensheviks Young Vasily Grossman idealistically supported the Russian Revolution of When th.